Absolutism In Russia

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Absolutism in Central, Eastern, and Northern Europe I. During the 17thc Prussia, Austria, and Russia appeared as growing powers in Eastern Europe The Rise of Brandenburg-Prussia I. The evolution of Brandenburg into a powerful state was largely the work of Hohenzollern dynasty, which in 1415 had come to rule the principality in northeastern Germany. A. In 1609, the H inherited some lands in the Rhine valley in western Germany, 9 years later they received the duchy of Prussia. B. By the 17thc, the dominions of the house of H, now called B-P, consisted of 3 disconnected masses in western, central, and eastern Germany; only the H ruler connected them II. The foundation for the P state was laid by Frederick William the Great…show more content…
At the beginning of the 18thc, Italy suffered further from the struggles b/w France and Spain A. It was A, not France, which benefited most from the WOFTSS. By gaining Milan, Mantua, Sardinia, and Naples, A supplanted S as the dominate power in Italy Russia: From Fledgling Principality to Major Power I. A new Russian state had emerged in the 15thc under the leadership of the principality of Moscow and its grand dukes. In the 16thc, Ivan IV the Terrible expanded the territories of R eastward after finding westward expansion blocked by Swedish and Polish states. A. Ivan also extended the autocracy of the tsar by crushing the power of the R nobility, known as the boyars B. Ivan’s dynasty came to an end in 1598 and was followed by are surgence of aristocratic power in a period of anarchy known as the Time of Troubles. It did not end until the Zemsky Sobor, or national assembly, chose Michael Romanov as the new tsar, beginning a dynasty that would last until 1917 II. In the 17thc, Muscovite society was high stratified. At the top was the tsar, who claimed to be divinely ordained autocratic…show more content…
In the midst of these political and religious upheavals, 17thc Moscow was experiencing more frequent contacts w/the west, and western ideas were beginning to penetrate a few R circles. The Reign of Peter the Great (1689-1725) I. Peter gained a firsthand account of the west when he made a trip there in 1697-1698 and returned to R w/a firm determination to westernize A. Peter’s policy of Europeanization was largely technical. He admired E technology and desired to transplant it to R. Only this kind of modernization could give him the army and navy he needed to make R a great power. II. One of his 1st priorities was the reorganization of the army and creating a navy A. He conscripted peasants for 25-year stints of service to build a standing army of 210,000 men. He created the 1st R navy III. Peter reorganized the central government, partly along western lines. A. In 1711, he created the Senate to supervise the administrative machinery of the state while he was away on military campaigns. The Senate became a ruling council, but its ineffectiveness caused Peter to borrow the western institution of boards of administrators entrusted w/specific functions, such as foreign affairs, war, and
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