Absolutism During The French Revolution

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History The transition from monarchy to republic in France during the French revolution was volatile under the three main governments. France went from one ruling government to the next starting with the National assembly, the national convention, and finally Napoleon. France's volatile transition began in the late 1700s When king Louis called a meeting for the 3 estates, because France was in financial debt , the monarch was collapsing , the peasants were starving and there was inequality amongst the 3 estates. The commoners which included the bourgeoisie, sans culottes , and the peasants made up 97 percent of the population but they paid the most taxes, owned very little land , and they only were entitled to 1 vote as an estate. The Nobles and the clergy who made up the other 2 estates paid either very little taxes or none at all and always voted a…show more content…
During the reign of terror , the national convention executed 40000 people because they rebelled against the national convention and the law of universal conscription. The N.C. Became extremely corrupt. The Directory another form of government, took over after the national convention. Napoleon crushed a royalist rebellion in Paris and saved the directory. Napoleon was a military genius and won victory after victory for the directory. Napoleon returned to France and made a coup d etat. He set up a government like a republic with 3 consuls. Some of napoleons reforms, he set up a national banking system which made it possible for businesses to start, he made a tax system that was fair to everyone, he set up lycees which are public schools and if you did well you can get a job in the government, and set up the napolianic code which limited freedom. The bad part was that Napoleon was still a monarch so in the future when he dies this won't be good for France and is going against the
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