Absolutism and Democracy Dbq

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Various forms of political systems have been used throughout world history. As nation states were built in Europe, absolute monarchs with vast power and wealth ruled countries such as France and Russia. At that time in England attempts were made to limit royal power and to protect the rights of some of the people. There was tension between absolutism and democracy. In studies of absolutism and democracy advantages and disadvantages for each governmental system can be identified. A Democracy i think is the most effective for this period of history. In an absolute monarchy the ruler had unlimited power to rule and could do anything he wanted to do without having to listen to nobody or their advice. They also believed they should have complete control over the country. The king rules over all his subjects .Kings became very powerful and the Church lost its hold on society. Kings claimed they only answered to god and no one else. Also it was a time of divine right which meant that they thought that they were chosen by God to rule this was big thing back in the 17th and 18th century. “Kings are justly called gods for that they exercise a . . .divine power upon earth…” (Doc. 2) this implies that kings are just like god and they were chosen by god to rule on earth. A democracy is believed that all men are treated equally. According to Voltaire “The best government seems to be that in which all ranks of men are equally protected by the laws” (Doc. 4) he is trying to tell his beliefs on democracy. John Locke also believed of men being equal “Men being … by nature all
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