One type of government was absolute monarchy, which is consisting of the balance between king and nobles. King has unlimited power, he is not legally bound and during the economic or nation- state based decisions he was the responsible person. Also monarchs gain power either marriage or hereditary. In religion, there is no freedom which means government controls over the Church. They believed God choose them and acquire power for unity of their countries.
Assignment 1 Jacques- Benigne Bossuet, “The Theory of Divine Right” LaDayna Franklin “Jacques-Benigne Bossuet (1627-1704) is an excellent example of the “old school” of European political thought…” His belief was the monarchy system which was a political system believed to be ordained by God, gave kings the right to rule by divine right. Bossuet stated “Monarchial government is the best”. By this he is saying that there is no better form of government because kings are ordained by God and with this action there is an automatic natural order that forms this proper government. The Theory of the Divine Right aimed at instilling obedience by explaining why all social ranks were religiously and morally obliged to obey their government. The Theory of the Divine Right was directed at convincing the cultured and wealthy groups that they should serve as royal officials not try and seize power for themselves.
Sparta created a very strong military system that allowed them to become the best one around and therefore permitting Sparta to not only manage to defend their land but keep the Messenians under control. The strong Spartan military also achieved the defeat of the Persians and the creation of the best military the world had seen. The Athens entered their Golden Age in 594 B.C. under the rule of Solon. Solon created a government that was based on a democracy, allowing all male citizens to have an opinion and vote on certain issues that were taking place.
Tocqueville and the Relevance of His Theories on Equality Today Alexis de Tocqueville believed that equality was inevitable and that society loves equality more than it does liberty. He stated that the “chief passion which stirs men at such times is the love of this equality,” referring to equality of conditions (Tocqueville, 504). According to him, democracy cannot exist without equality and equality further leads to individualism (Tocqueville, 506). This paper will discuss why Tocqueville’s analyses on equality are still relevant in today’s Western society by focusing on equality of conditions, democracy, and individualism. In Democracy in America (1840), Tocqueville stated that “every citizen must be put in possession of his rights, or rights must be granted to no one” (Tocqueville, Marxists Internet Archive).
We’ve seen monarchies enliven the divine right that god had supposedly given man. We’ve seen dictatorships that have impeded with our rights. We’ve seen democracies strive to become as transparent and as participatory as possible. We now find democracy as the most ideal government because of the ideals it upholds. Our age has also brought about two axial principles – tribalism and globalism.
***NOT AN ESSAY AT ALL**** just letting u kno Jefferson was greatly influenced by one of the most popular thinkers of his time, John Locke, who believed in the "natural" rights of human beings. In 1698, much before the birth of Jefferson, Locke wrote in the second chapter of his famous Second Treatise on Government: "All men by nature are equal in that equal right that every man hath to his natural freedom, without being subjected to the will or authority of any other man; being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions." I would make the foregoing the cornerstone of my administration's policies and goals. The goal of energy independence could emerge as one the truly non-partisan
But at the same time, he gained control of all sources of power. Bullow, chancellor from 1900 till 1909, for instance, realized how his own position is dependant on the Kaiser. Moreover, by 1914, many political parties did not try to challenge the power of the Kaiser of the fear to seem unpatriotic. Many Germans had conservative attitudes and
John Locke was one of the influential political philosophers of modern period (1632-1704). At his works he supported the claim that men are by nature free and equal against the claim that God had create all people naturally as a subject to monarch. Moreover, in his work Two Treaties of Government he argued that people have rights such as the right to life, liberty, and property that have a foundation independent of the laws of any particular society. Locke supports the right of the people to overthrow rulers who betray them; he asserts that if a leader violates the community’s trust, the people can and should replace him immediately. Similarly, if the government does not fulfill the needs of the people, it should be dissolved and replaced with other form of government which people think is the best.
The Age of Absolutism The Age of Absolutism in Europe began with the rise of national legislation and civil bureaucracies that slowly eroded local power and self-government. The rise of absolute monarchies differed from country to country, but the general consensus is that the age began with the reign of Louis XIV and ended with the French Revolution. The Age of Absolutism, when Monarchies were at the height of their power, brought massive changes to the social, political, military and economic institutions in Europe. The Age of Absolutism was based upon the theory of the Devine Right of Kings, which is a religious and political policy that states that a ruling monarch is not subject to earthly authority, and his right to rule is derived directly from the will of God. The King’s power is absolute and he is not subject to the will of the people, the aristocracy, or the church, and any opposition or attempts to limit his power is contrary to the will of God and is considered to be treason.
Through this they convey the idea that if a current government is not function as it should, it should be done away with and replaced. The writers also use contrast. The text states, “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers