He married a Catholic: Henrietta Maria. This caused great uproar amongst his people and Parliament. Parliament tried to stop him marrying a Roman Catholic in fear of Catholicism gradually seeping back into the country. Since the reign of Elizabeth, the country had been strictly Protestant. In 22 years, this was the first major sign of religious trouble.
They built a motte and bailey castle near Hastings. On 14 October 1066, The English army fought the invading Normans. King Harold died in the Battle of Hastings and that left William the only living claimant to the throne. He was crowned King William I on December 25th 1066 at Westminster. The first few years of William’s control were spent gaining control of the parts of England that opposed him; in 1069 Swein Estrithson of Denmark landed in the Humber and supported the English Earls who were already against King William.
The Romanov dynasty ruled from 1613-1917. By the beginning of the 20th century the Russian empire bordered Turkey, Persia, Afghanistan, Mongolia and China. Poland, the Baltic States and Finland were Russian territories. More than a hundred nationalities owed allegiance to Nicholas II, “Tsar of All the Russias”, who ruled from 1894-1917. Yet in less than nine months, from February to October 1917, the centuries old Tsarist autocracy was swept away in a series of revolutionary disturbances.
Tsar Alexander III’s reforms were reverse ‘reaction’ of what his father, Alexander II, did before him to improve the country he ruled over. Repressive policies under Nicholas II were continued right up until early 1905 when Bloody Sunday took place outside Winter Palace and hundreds of Russian citizens were massacred by the Cossacks. It appears that there was extremely little, if any, political reform during 1881-1905. Political reform after 1905 began to rise. A clear turning point for politics in Russia was the publishing of the October Manifesto.
But Mary never knew what Elizabeth had in mind. Elizabeth established Protestantism as the England's religion once again. During her reign, a major accomplishment of hers was the defeat of the Spanish Armada of 132 by the English fleet of 34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels. Elizabeth earned a lot of respect from her people, and was referred to as “The Peoples Queen”. Now, what if someone else had come to power?
At the age of only seventeen years old, with the help of the Turks, Vlad was given the throne of Wallachia. Without knowing it, he was the Sultan’s puppet ruler. This ruling period did not last long. Only after two months, Tepes was overthrown and fled to Moldavia to be put under protection of his uncle Bogdan II. He lived in exile for several years until 1456 when, with the help of Hunyadi and the Kingdom of Hungary, he succeed in killing Vladislov II.
Tokugawa Ieyasu Tokugawa Ieyasu was born in Matsudaira Takechiyo in 1542, son of the lord of the province of Mikawa. At the time of his birth, Japan was plummeted in civil war, with violent feuds between territorial lords which had lasted for nearly a century. When he was four Ieyasu was sent as a hostage to secure an alliance between his clan and the neighboring Imagawa clan. He was then raised at their court and given the education of a nobleman. In 1567 Ieyasu’s father’s death had left him as leader of the Matsudaira, allied with the Oba Nobunaga who was a powerful neighbor.
She kept the Monarch as the Governor of the church not the Pope which is Protestant, I believe this is a good idea because the Protestants will still think she is a true Protestant and she will be popular with them. On the other hand the Catholics would not be happy with this idea because the Monarch is Protestant; also they may start to hate Elizabeth. As well as Bishops ran the church and an English bible, prayer book was used which are both Protestant. But she kept the candles and crucifixes in the church; this meant that the Catholics actually felt a part of the church and would of felt welcomed to enter. The middle policy won lots of support, she said, ‘I will not make a window into men’s souls, there is only one Jesus Christ, and all else is a dispute over trifles.’ This decision was so important to her and England because if she would of chose the wrong choice for example make England Protestant then there would have been a religious war and the Catholics would rebel.
The love of her people was her motivation. Her volition came of the need to protect her subjects, and be their beacon of strength and hope. She forged a way that was shut, by power of will and breaking down any barriers in her way. Mary Queen of Scotts was believed of some to be the rightful ruler of England, as Elizabeth was an illegitimate child by a mistress of her father, King Henry VIII, who was the founder of the Protestant church, for the reason that Catholicism would not allow him to divorce his wife. Elizabeth was criticized, but held steady her ground.
The Glorious Revolution was to overthrow King James II of England by a union of the English Parliamentarians and with William of Orange in the Netherlands. The Glorious Revolution recreates the monarchy England had lost in the reign of Oliver Cromwell but limits its power under the Constitutional Monarchy. The House of Commons became equal to and gaining more power than the House of Lords. After much intolerance over religion, the Parliament issues with the long succession of kings, and the people’s wishes being denied more often than not, I believe that England should be ruled as a democracy where people are able to elect leaders, try to keep a stable throne and ensure reforms that will help the people. My past experiences and views of how a government should be and its ruler has helped me come to this decision.