Abraham Lincoln in the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America during one of the most consequential periods in the American history, the Civil War.
He was elected president in 1860, making him the first republican president ever. During his period of presidency, the Southern states of the USA seceded from the union as Lincoln and the rest of the northern states were against slavery. Six short weeks after he became president, the Northern states fought against the Southern states, who now called themselves the 'Confederacy', this was the start of the Civil War which lasted from 1861 until 1865.
On January 1st, 1863 Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation as a war measure, it proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten states that were still in rebellion, applying to 3 million of the 4 million slaves in the USA at the time. Eventually, all slaves in the USA were freed.
During the Civil War, Lincoln gave many speeches, including the most famous one the 'Gettysburg address', a short speech in which he stated how a country must be dedicated to human freedom in order to survive, obviously referring to the African-American slaves at the time. Lincoln had a talent with words, all his speeches were thoughtful and caused a great effect. In the Gettysburg address he gave such a moving speech which had an effect in the whole country, and all in less than two minutes.
In 1864, Lincoln was re-elected as President and only a year later General Robert E. Lee from the Confederacy surrendered, putting an end to the Civil war.
President Lincoln was shot on April 14, 1865, ten days after the Civil War ended. He’d been attending a play at Ford’s theater in Washington D.C, Lincoln had been shot by John Wilkes Booth who was an actor and a Southern sympathizer. When John Wilkes heard Lincoln make a speech about the newly freed African-American population, just after the war ended, he swore that would be Lincoln’s last...