Abraham Lincoln Essay

383 WordsFeb 28, 20122 Pages
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln, was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination April 15, 1865. He successfully led the country through a great crisis, the American civil War. He not only preserved the Union, he also put an end to slavery. He was born February 12, 1809 and was raised in a poor family on the western frontier. Abe Lincoln was mostly self-educated. He became a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a member of the United States House of Representatives for one-term. After opposing slavery in the United States in his campaign debates and speeches, Lincoln received the Republican nomination and became President in 1860. Before Lincoln took office in March, seven southern slave states declared their secession and formed the Confederacy. When war began with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, Lincoln concentrated on both the military and political dimensions of the war effort, trying to reunite the nation. Lincoln had thousands of suspected secessionists arrested and detained without trial. He issued his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoted the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery. Lincoln closely supervised the war effort, especially the selection of generals, including commanding general Ulysses S. Grant. Under his leadership, the Union set up a naval blockade that shut down the South's normal trade, took control of the border slave states at the start of the war, and tried repeatedly to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond. Each time a general failed, Lincoln substituted another until finally Grant succeeded in 1865. Having great judgement, Lincoln became deeply involved with power issues in each state, he reached out to War Democrats and managed his own re-election in the 1864

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