Abortion Should Be Legalized

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An abortion is a procedure, either surgical or medical; to terminate pregnancy (mediLexicon International). Abortion has been around the globe for thousands of years in every inhabited corner of the world. The practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method of birth control by the use of herbs, application of abdominal pressure and use of sharpened implements. Abortion laws and their implements have fluctuated through different eras. In 20th century many western countries were successful in getting abortion bans repealed, but this legality is regularly challenged by anti-abortionist groups. Laws have actually never stopped abortion; it is a universal practice present since the beginning of time, whether legal or illegal. Should Abortion be legalized or does it pose a threat to humanity? This question is one of the most divisive and controversial issues of all time. It is not a social issue of mere preferences, but an issue about life and death. Abortion draws out the clashes between two divergent schools of thought. Proponents- identifying themselves as pro-choice argue that abortion is a fundamental right that should not be restricted by governmental authority whereas, Opponents- identifying themselves as pro-life, assert that personhood begins at conception, and therefore abortion is the immoral killing of an innocent human being. Although some people claim that abortion poses a threat to humanity because it involves killing a human being as life starts at conception, however, abortion legalization is important as access to legal abortions reduces maternal death and injuries, for the need to save woman’s life, in the cases of rape to preserve woman’s mental health, fetal impairment, due to resource limitation and finally it is a woman’s fundamental right to control her body. One of the most important factors for legalizing
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