Abortion Essay

2045 WordsApr 1, 20149 Pages
Matthew Black Intro to Law Term Paper Abortion Abortion is the termination of pregnancy before birth resulting in, or accompanied by, the death of the fetus. Abortion refers to the voluntary termination of a pregnancy, ending in the death of the fetus or embryo. When America was founded, abortion was legal. Laws prohibiting abortion were introduced in the mid 1800s. By 1900, most of them had been outlawed. Outlawing abortion did nothing to prevent pregnancy. Some estimate that the number of annual illegal abortions from 200,000 to 1.2 million in the 1950s and 1960s. The states once again began legalizing abortion the in the 1960s. Abortions performed prior to the third trimester are legal in the United States, although the issue has been known to stir up mainstream political parties from all ends. There are two sides to abortion. One side is “Pro-choice”, these are individuals who are for abortion and believe it is a right. The other side is “Pro-life”, these are the individuals who are against the rights to abortion and believe it is wrong doing. Pro-choice groups believe that a woman should have access to whatever health care she needs and that she should have control over her own body which she can do as she pleases with. Pro-life groups believe that the embryo or fetus is alive and that the abortion is taking one’s life also known as murder. Roe v. Wade is a United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a landmark decision regarding abortion. According to the Roe decision, most laws against abortion in the United States violated a constitutional right to privacy under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision overturned all state and federal laws for restricting abortion that was inconsistent with its holdings. Roe v. Wade is one of the most controversial and political cases in Supreme Court history. The Roe v. Wade

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