The younger generation of the aboriginal culture was forced into residential schools, which isolated them from their culture, family, and their ways of life. Conflict theory is based on two principles: power is the core of all relationships and is scarce, making it unequally divided in society, and dominant groups promote their social values and ideologies at the expense of minorities (Ravelli & Webber, 2012, p. 48). The first principle can be applied to the fact that the government wanted to secure the land and follow the Anglicised method of individual property in Canada; the aboriginals were not allowing that to happen (McClinchey, B. Residential Schools, 2013). Conflict theorists would argue that this was a selfish act due to a power struggle.
Non Indian judges and social workers were failing to meet the needs of Native American families. These agencies failed to see the cultural difference between a Traditional American family and traditional Native American family. This issue brought many people to congress demanding a change resulting in the implementation of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978. The passage of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 is an almost milestone in congressional action to protect and maintain Indian families and tribes. The intent of the act is to stabilize Indian families by reducing the number of Indian children removed and placed in non-Indian adoptive and foster homes.
The first form of legislation only allowed “federally or state recognized” tribes or individuals to sell artifacts and label them “‘Indian made’” (King, 40). Problem is that there are tribes and individuals that can trace their lineages but are still not recognized by either governments. Bill C-31 requires you to marry federally recognized Native Americans or risk your family losing that status down your linage and threatens to eliminate all federally recognized Native Americans “in fifty to seventy-five years” in Canada (King, 144). The horror behind the Bill C-31 is that the
Alienation is an emotional factor that could have extreme negative effects, on top of alienation the government does not protect them with the same human rights given to citizens of the nation. Immigrants have multiple acts such as the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Universal Declaration of Human Rights on their side but many governments do not enforce them. Citizenship includes rights, responsibilities and freedoms, such as in Canada The charter of Rights and Freedoms protects all individuals and enforces the rule of law. The charter should apply to all
The removal of the southern Native Americans was devastating to the Five Civilized Tribes. They were forced to leave their land and move to the west on reserved areas of land. Some left peacefully, others stayed and fought. The U.S. government tried to intervene and create treaties, but also enforced removal. The government didn’t do much to protect the Native Americans, nor were they able to enforce their own laws regarding Native American land and treaties.
In regards to the Aboriginal situation, they claim that the method in which the government has dealt with their citizens is inapplicable and ineffective to them. They have long sought after a system of self government or a kind of recognized distinct society within Canada. Many ethnic groups feel that separatism is the strongest form of politic expression and thus legitimizes the particular group (Horowitz 166). I believe that accommodation and tolerance is needed when discussing the aboriginal groups of Canada. Firstly, my paper will illustrate the many issues that arise with how communitarian scholars have approached the accommodation of this ethnic minority.
Hedican (2008) mentions that the members of the Stoney Point Reserve believed that they had a right to this land because their interests had not been adequately represented by the Indian Agent when the land for the park had been purchased from the Band in the 1920s. Another reason for the occupation of the park was to protect the sacred burial sites that had been neglected since the creation of Ipperwash Park. (163) With what would have been a peaceful protest, turned volatile due to minor accidents between the OPP and Aboriginals. Although, at times there were hostile confrontations; sometimes objects being thrown, there was no witness of any concealed weapons by the
It was a widely held belief that Indigenous people were an inferior race and would eventually die out. Many policies enacted on them had a greatly detrimental effect upon their cultural heritage. Policies such as the forced Indigenous people off the land and into government reserves, the assimilation policy tried to force Indigenous people to adopt a Western lifestyle by giving up their traditional lifestyle and beliefs. They were expected to live and act like ‘white Australians’ but were denied equal wages, work conditions and welfare benefits received by other Australians. Other policies attempted to ‘breed-out’ Indigenous Australians by pairing an Indiginous individual with a white partner.
The word civilized, as defined by Websters, means to have an advanced or humane culture, society, etc.. White men did not see the Indian culture as advanced or humane and therefore began forcing white man's way of life upon the Native American Tribes. "Civilize them with a stick" is a horrific rendition of the life of a Native American child plucked from her village at a young age and forced into an old
One of the primary reasons for less voter turnout by young voters at elections is the decreasing significance of civic education, within Canadian school systems. Civic education in Canada allows for the young generation to learn their political rights and duties as citizens in Canada’s democratic