Retrieved September 2014, from The Conversation: http://theconversation.com/reconciliation-or-r-cup-ration-indigenous-soldiers-in-wwi-29539 Red Apple Education Ltd. (2014). Australia and World War I; Different Perspectives of War; Indigenous People. Retrieved September 2014, from Skiwrk.com.au-Interactive Schooling: http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-14_u-42_t-49_c-147/indigenous-people/nsw/history/australia-and-world-war-i/different-perspectives-of-the-war?_sm_au_=isVk8FFnjLJvZFsR The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889-1931). (1916, April 29). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889-1931).
AUSTRALIA’S BLACK LEGAL HISTORY Formally representing King George III’s prerogative power, Captain Cook’s symbolic claiming of Australia for Britain on January 26 1788 interrupted a 40,000 year land use tradition that had existed under a grundnorm quite alien to that which Australian Aboriginals were to be subjugated. THE PREROGATIVE POWERS AVAILABLE TO GEORGE III IN 1788 English law assigns powers to acquire new territory to the Crown as part of its prerogative.” As the Crown has discretion to determine the extent of its dominions, it is informative to consider its intentions concerning territorial acquisition. King George III’s exercise of his prerogative powers between 1788 and 1823 become a crucial factor affecting New South Wales Aboriginal inhabitants. Disputes concerning whether Australia would become a settled or conquered colony were determined by the exercise of prerogative powers relating to the conduct of foreign affairs, and as such, were unchallengeable by the courts , providing the Crown an opportunity to play a pivotal role in determining territorial acquisition. Much of the unease expressed in the cases following stem from use of this prerogative and
Lowe, David, Riot Acts The History of Australia Rioting, ICS & Associates Pty Ltd, Sydney 1993 10. Lowenstein, Wendy, Weevils in the Flour: An Oral Record of the 1930s Depression in Australia, Melbourne, 1978 11. McCalman, Janet, Struggletown, Melbourne, 1988 12. Macintyre, Stuart, Oxford History of Australia, vol.4. The Succeeding Age, 1901 – 42, Melbourne,
The “Native title Act” established new laws in allowing the jurisdiction of the Federal Court of Australia to hear and undertake claims and applications that revolve around native title. The Wik Decisions was also an important pastoral lease that was released as a result to the Mabo decision in 1996. Pastoral leases are a form of land tenure that was created by the British prior to the squatters in the 1830’s to 1840’s. In the Wik Case, the governments posed questions referring towards native title in that a grant of pastoral lease was in relation towards it. In conclusion the High Court established that native title should be wiped out from pastoral leases.
In 1982, Eddie Mabo presented the High Court of Australia with a declaration of his region’s land rights. After a long court battle for recognition, the Mabo case was handed down in 1992. In 1965 Charles Perkins, one of two Aboriginal students at the University of Sydney were keen to find a way to expose living conditions
Maria Saenz Quesada, La Argentina Historia del Pais y de su Gente, (Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana S.A. 2001), 659. [ 16 ]. National Security Archives, “U.S. State Department Memorandum,” (George Washington University, 1976) http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB73/761004dos.pdf (accessed 3/6/11) [ 17 ]. J. Patrice McSherry, Predatory States: Operation Condor and Covert War in Latin America (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005), 6.
Sage Publications. Accessed August 13th from http://cjb.sagepub.com.ezproxy.csu.edu.au/content/28/3/367.full.pdf+html Payne, J. (2007) Recividism in Australia: Findings and Future Research Research and Public Policy Series No. 80. Australian Institute of Criminology.
S. MacIntyre, The History Wars, Melbourne University Press, 2003, pg. 57 [ 16 ]. Geoffrey Blainey referenced through History in the Howard Era, Ann Curthoys essay for the Professional Historian’s Association, 19 July 2006. [ 17 ]. Lyndall Ryan referenced through The Use and Abuse of Sources in Aboriginal History, Keith Windschuttle at a History Teachers Lecture Association of Australia, National Conference, Sydney, October 3, 2007- found in Teaching History journal December 2007 Vol.
WHAT IT MEANS TO BE AN AUSSIE? The Australian Newspaper Date 20th February 2012 * “There is no ‘real’ Australia waiting to be uncovered. A national identity is an invention. - Richard White (1981) Mikaela French Our national identity has developed over the years: From colonial beginnings to the wild gold rush days, to the men of the land and to the end of World War 1. Have these past experiences somehow been responsible for creating Australian stereotypes in today’s society?