Aboriginal Rights Research Paper

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Changing Rights and Freedoms of Indigenous Australians Introduction – It is crucial in any discussion of the changing rights and freedoms of indigenous people to understand their relationship to the land (The Dreaming) as well as the importance of the land in connecting them to their ancestors. Retaining access to the land has been essential not only for physical survival but also for survival culturally. The declaration of Terra Nullis and subsequent denial of land rights by the British began a history of control for access to the land. The policies of ‘protection’ and assimilation were deliberate attempts to eradicate the culture (and existence) of indigenous people by removing them from the basis of their culture and…show more content…
(Paternalism is the act of taking care of another’s interests because they are incapable to do so themselves). This government policy held the view that Aboriginal people had to be protected. The policy was based on the idea that Aboriginal people were weaker and inferior because of the colour of their skin, reinforcing the idea that by European standards they were primitive and uncultured. Of course these policies refused to recognise or comprehend that the Indigenous people had a highly-developed culture. Furthermore white society became convinced Indigenous people were dying out and accordingly placed them on government reserves or in church missions where they could die in peace. This belief resulted in a new approach to Aboriginal affairs - the'Protection' policy. The protection initiative once more did not protect their freedoms or their way of life and as a result the Aboriginal people dependant on white handouts just to survive. In 1883 the Aboriginal Protection Board was set up to protect Aboriginal people and manage the reserves. By 1894 there were over 114 reserves in New South Wales alone. For many Aboriginal people whose living conditions encountered extreme hardship, they faced little alternative than to move on to such a reserve. However when soldiers began returning after the First World War, the government started giving away reserve land…show more content…
The council’s role has been to promote reconciliation across Australia through meetings, art exhibitions and concerts and local work. During the late 1990s the main threat to reconciliation was the tense debate over the Wik. Some pastoral and mining interests began to call for the extinguishment of native title and consequently the Howard Government brought forward the Ten-Point Plan compromise. However many claimed the plan to be racist and they claimed that it intended to undermine native title by taking away Aboriginal rights to negotiate on native title claims. By the end of 1997 the Ten-Point Plan went to the Senate as a Bill where Howard threatened a double dissolution of parliament if the Senate amended the bill. So as to have the Ten-Point Plan passed by the Senate, several amendments were made with the amended Ten-Point Plan being passed in July

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