I. Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
a. Defining Psychological Disorders
i. Psychological Disorders- patters of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that are deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional.
ii. Standards for deviant behavior very by context and by culture. Standards for deviance also very with time.
iii. To be considered disordered, deviant behavior usually causes the person distress. Olympic gold medalists deviate from the norm in their physical abilities, and society honors them. the opposite.
iv. Deviant and distressful behaviors are more likely to be considered disordered when also judged to be a harmful dysfunction.
v. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)- A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, an impulsivity.
b. Understanding Psychological Disorders
vi. The Medical Model
1. Medical Model- The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital.
vii. The Biopsychosocial Approach
2. Today psychologists contend that all behavior, whether called normal or disordered, arises from the interaction of nature (genetic and physiological factors) and nurture (past and present experiences).
3. Negative emotions contribute to physical illness, and physical abnormalities contribute to negative emotions. WE ARE MIND EMBODIED.
c. Classifying Psychological Disorders
viii. In psychology, diagnostic classification aims not only to describe a disorder but also to predict its future course, imply appropriate treatment, and stimulate research into its causes. A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is the DSM-IV-TR-a widely used system for...