Schizophrenia, the various forms of depression, and the anxiety states produced no readily detectable loss of nerve cells or other obvious changes in brain anatomy and therefore were classified as functional, or not based on biology. Often, a special social stigma was attached to the so-called functional mental illnesses because they were said to be "all in a patient's mind." This notion was accompanied by the suggestion that the illness may have been put into the patient's mind by his or her parent
History concept to Borderline personality disorder
1938 an analyst called Albert Stern gave some weight to the borderline personality disorder we know today by identifying patient’s a typical (BPD) patients Paris, (2008). Over reaction to criticism, not reacting to treatment and they also blamed others their behaviour to point of believing there conviction. Stone, (2005) States ‘these patients were usually too well for the hospital but too ill for the couch: they didn’t do well in classical psychoanalysis’
It wasn’t till 1960s & 70s that different disorders could be identified and clinically measured within the borderline category by the work of Psychoanalytic Otto kernberg (1967) and G Gunderson psychosocial and researcher (1975) (the father of BPD) in distinguishing differences in abnormal personality traits from others, There work created the formulations and the foundations for the borderline personality disorder concept in contemporary psychiatry (Stone 2005). Borderline Personality disorder (BPD) was officially recognised in 1980 when it was first entered into the in DSM-III, the first official diagnostic manual to provide for the diagnosis of BPD, and all other mental disorders, by specified diagnostic criteria .Gundreson et al (2005).
Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development In addition to being one of the best-known thinkers in the area of personality development, Sigmund Freud remains one of the most controversial. In his wellknown...