It is crucial in building a relationship with the client. Not just nodding of the head type of listening, but it must be active listening. The client needs to know that the helper hears them, understands them and is involved in what they are saying. Asking questions and using reflective listening is important, all while keeping the objectives in mind. Listening gives the helper insight on the situation, helps gather information and gives clues on to what the clients thought process may be.
When looking at coping with change it is not possible to ignore some of the events which change our development, life events which cause significant change are called transitions (Jeffery, J in Aldridge, S & Rigby, S 2004). If these transitions are not prepared for, they can cause emotional difficulties or even physical illness. Counselling skills can be very effective at this stage as the helper needs to work out how to make the adjustment to these changes more satisfactory for the client, to lower the emotional distress. The counsellor has to first establish what kind of transition the client may be going through; Scholssberg (1989) in Aldridge, S & Rigby, S (2004) identified 4 different kinds of transitions: Anticipated, Unanticipated, Non-event transitions and chronic hassle transitions. Unanticipated transitions are unplanned and can be projected as a crisis; this was personally experienced when my parents got divorced.
Lin Article Critique: Part 2 Dustin T. Rheel Liberty University Counseling 503, D22 Professor Carlene Taylor November 25, 2012 Critique of Population and Sampling In the Lin, Mack, Enright, Krahn, and Baskin article (2004) article, they sampled forty-three participants from various drug rehabilitation centers. These participants were suffering from alcohol and other drug dependences. Some of the participants were referred by the therapist and then the suggested participants then had the option to participate or not, thus making the sample used not random. Even though the sample was not random, they were randomly selected to be in one of 2 groups, Forgiveness Therapy (FT) or Alcohol and Drug Counseling (ADC) (Lin et al., 2004).
Denise Meloche 4222-324 Support Individuals with Specific communication needs 1. Understand specific communication needs and factors affecting them. 1.1 It is important to meet the individual’s communication needs so; • they can be informed and therefore make informed choices • express their feelings and views • be alerted to danger • interact socially • be involved with everyday activities • understand what is going on around them • learn 1.2 My role and practice can impact on communication with an individual with specific communication needs by giving them the opportunities for all of the above. If I fail to communicate according to their need, they may become more isolated and withdrawn. I endeavour to find ways to support communication using variety of methods.
Unit 4222-212 Provide support to manage pain and discomfort (hsc 2003) Outcome 1 Understand approaches to managing pain and discomfort. 1. Explain the importance of holistic approuch to managing pain and discomfort. Using a holistic approach is important because it gets to the root of the problem and the reason your having pain to begin with or Pain may be coming from another part of the body and when you try to find out where the pain originates from this can help you to decide the best way to treat it. When you know the cause and you can resolve the problem more accurately and Pain maybe emotional pain if they are concerned about something or it may also be due to anxiety or you worry about what may happen to them.
Meeting an individual’s communication needs is really important if you want to develop a good working relationship with them. It is essential that the people you support trust you as you are working very closely with them. To provide person centred care you need to be able to find out their individual’s needs; wishes and preferences and to do this you need to be able to communicate. You have a duty to work out how to improve or overcome communication barriers, and if they are not resolved then there is a risk that you will cross boundaries, provide care that the person doesn’t like. Everyone has a right to dignity, respect and choice and we need to be able to meet their communication needs in order to provide this.
Another dilemma would be knowing when to break confidentiality and share information. If you have any concerns about an individual or feel they are at risk you need to share them and report it, it is always better to be safe than sorry. Other dilemmas in our setting could be:- • Staff falling out, • Break confidentiality, • Swearing and behaviour, • Absent staff members, • Lack of team work. 2.2 Describe how to manage risks associated with conflicts or dilemmas between an individual’s rights and the duty of care. There are many ways to manage risks associated with conflicts and dilemmas:- • Allowing individuals to explore with guidance, • Making individuals aware of potential hazards and dangers, • Allowing individuals to acquire life skills through learning how to cope with risky situations, • Staff ignorance, • Parents are a risk to staff if reported to social services.
Conclusion When articulating an ethical obligation one must be effective with their words in order to express their position. Obligation based perspectives are based on a sense of duty to what is right, whether that be personal or professional situation the outcome will be the same. The criminal justice community is very much driven by ethics and laws. One must be willing to put forth the effort to fulfill these
Integrity means being trustworthy, reliable, and decent in our dealings with others. It means being true to ourselves. When we are guided by integrity our actions align with our principles; our thoughts and words are in sync with each other. It becomes the basis for our reputation as well as our self-esteem. Integrity does not mean being perfect, but rather having high moral principles and being trusted in our actions as well as our words.