The idea of re-institutionalization for mental health patients has risen to avoid problems such as suicide, school failure, or homelessness. But given the past attempt, this isn’t the solution for all people. In some cases where an individual creates a hazard to themselves or others, institutionalism may be considered necessary. On the other hand, the vast majority of people in need of mental health services can be cared for under the California Mental Health Services Act (CMHSA). The essay discusses the system for the “mentally ill”.
Funding for this program is a huge part of their needs. Another need is more workers to handle all the patients. Every year more and more people are diagnosed with a mental illness but, the staff barely gets bigger. Human service programs that are currently addressing the problems include County Human Services they provide Medicaid to mentally ill patients so they can receive proper treatment and
They have done no good in their lives, and their time in prison in meant to reflect on their past and change for the better. A smoke free environment is one step closer to a better and healthier future. If the prison area consists of a constant buildup of the harmful substances of nicotine, almost half of the smokers have an increased risk to die from tobacco related illnesses and studies have shown that this environment also forms a threat to the nonsmoker prisoners as they are exposed to secondhand smoke (Butler, Richmond, Belcher, Wilhelm, & Wodak, 2007). Not only the nonsmoking prisoners are exposed to the secondhand smoke, but also prison officers, visitors and the myriad workers can experiences the effects of secondhand smoke. When these inmates are released they usually continue the same unhealthy lifestyle they were exposed while serving their time in prison.
It was shown that almost 10% of people that were on house arrest had their probation revoked for technical violations within 18 months of their sentencing. And that the recidivism rates were almost identical to those of inmates that were released from secure correctional facilities. Within five years, both offenders from both forms of correction recidivated. The only advantage to house arrest and electronic monitoring is that is reduces the cost and overcrowding in the correctional
Deep Meadow Correctional Center is a state prison in Virginia; the average daily population is 840 prisoners ("Virginia.gov", 1997). According to Boyd and Jenny (2002) “Newly released data from the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics shows that growth in the state prison population is continuing to slow – for the U.S. as a whole, state prison populations grew by only 0.4 percent between June 30, 2000 and June 30, 2001”. So despite the fact that prison population is growing at a slow rate, prisons are still over-crowded. U.S corrections professionals can solve the problem of exponential growth in state prison systems by refocusing on rehabilitation of some criminals. Programs could be offered to help an inmate began changing their lives and I do not necessarily mean and educational degree program.
There has been no consistent evidence that crowding is associated with mortality, morbidity which is defined as clinic utilization), recidivism, violence, or other pathological behaviors (Gaes 1994). In addressing any problem area, one first must define the terms or operational definitions. The United States Supreme Court on November 30, 2010, heard oral argument in Schwarzenegger v. Plata about whether a federal court in California properly ordered the release of 40,000 prisoners to relieve the severe overcrowding in the state's prisons that has led to inadequate medical and mental health care for prisoners (Equal Justice Initiative, 2010). America’s prisons now hold more than 2.3 million people, and many of the facilities are overcrowded, with serious implications for both health and safety. Since the mid-1970s, the prison population in the nation’s largest state has risen by more than 750%, from about 20,000 to more than 160,000 (Equal Justice Initiative, 2010).
So far, it has been proven impossible unless the circumstances that prevent poor and uninsured people from getting medical care are addressed concurrently. Evidence of rising health care expenditures is nationwide. Hogan and colleagues estimate that private expenditures increased by 6.6 percent per insured person in 1999, as compared with increases of 5.1 percent in 1998 and 3.1 percent in 1997 (Hogan C, 2000). Currently the U.S. spends 16 percent of gross domestic product on health care, compared with 8 to 10 percent in most major industrialized nations. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services which is also known as CMS, guesses that growth in health spending will continue to outpace GDP over the next 10 years.
Even though many new prisons have been built throughout the nation during the past 20 years to accommodate the growing number of inmates, prison overcrowding is still very much a reality in many jurisdictions. There are many problems that occur from overcrowded prisons. First, according to David Beck-Brown of the San Diego Union-Tribune, it is less expensive to check into a Motel 6 and to eat out than to house an inmate in a California prison. It costs approximately $62.05 to house a state or federal prisoner for one day. The annual cost of incarcerating one inmate is over $22,000 and rising.
Forensic & Criminal Psychology. Module 9-Risk Assessment & Reoffending-SAP 9. Mental Illness & Crime. Offenders are assessed of their Physical/Mental health care needs on entering the criminal justice system this induction procedure is a statutory requirement by law, problems associated with it are-lack of facilities/resources, offenders arriving @ late hours/shift changes, time pressures, antagonism from offender towards prison staff & vice versa, so as a result this process may not be carried out in depth as intended rather it is token! Because of this incoming prisoners with mental illness are not always identified, are sent to standard wings where their need for required treatment may go unrecognised.
“According to the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and health, more than eight million people in the U.S. are current users of prescription drugs for non-medical purposes” (Alabama Department of Public Health, n.d.). This is a staggering number considering this does not include illicit street drugs. Drug use is growing for several reasons including the state of the economy, different mental disorders, and abusive or unhappy personal lives. Addicts know that an easy place to obtain their fix is to come in the emergency department and complain of some type of pain because the longer the addict is using, often higher doses of the drug may be required. “Individuals who become addicted to psychoactive substances typically experience relatively less pleasure in response to drug use over time, but their craving for and loss of control over drugs increase” (Durrant, Adamson, Todd, & Sellman, 2009, p. 1050).