Every political organization, club or other group has a constitution. A constitution is simply a set of rules by which the power in a state is distributed amongst its members. These rules have come to be accepted over time and they may be either be formally written down or informally understood by the members of the political organization. The Constitution of the United States is an example of a constitution that has been formally written down, and it lists the basic ways in which the government is to deal with its affairs. Although the U.S. Constitution lays out the basic structure for politics, there is more to the “constitution with a small c” of the United States.
Federalism Helps citizens protect themselves against tyranny through the use of the constitution. Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between federal government and a state government. The guard of federalism is shown in the constitution when they made the compound government to make sure the federal government does not too much power. Another way is when responsibilities are given to the state government so that they share the power equally. (Doc A).
Chapter 1: Law: the body of rules of action or conduct that has binding legal force. Laws must be obeyed by citizens subject to sanctions or legal consequences. English Common Law: created by the judicial system, and is the basis of the legal system in US. Civil Law: based on codes or statutes. Louisiana is a civil law state.
Discuss the meaning of justice and consider whether justice is achieved in English Law (30 marks) There is an argument within the English Legal System as to the degree of convergence between law and Justice and its effects on the system. Law is a set of standardised procedures that regulate society and enforce basic rights. It was defined by John Austin as ‘the command of a sovereign enforced by a sanction’ and by Sir John Salmond as ‘the principles used in the administration of justice’. Laws are created by Parliament (the sovereign power). An example of a law created by Parliament is s.18 GBH under the Offences Against the Persons Act 1861 which carries a sanction of up to life imprisonment.
The Supreme Court presides on cases that conflict with the Constitutional laws and with treaties of foreign affairs. The framers of the US Constitution were determined to separate the powers of the federal government into three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The Supreme Court is in the Judicial Branch of government. Once the Supreme Court renders a decision, all other courts in the country follow the precedent set by that decision (Dautrich and Yalof 277). This precedent is also known as Stare
A. Students will analyze historical documents to determine principles that served as precedents for the United States Constitution. • define individual and group values o What is a value? Ideas which groups/individual believe strongly and guide their behavior. o List and define the values and principles of democracy Limited government-the govt is limited in their power Change or abolish government-if the govt is not doing their job we can change it Individual right and freedom-everyone has their rights and freedom Consent of government-the power comes from the people Majority/Minority Rule-majority makes decision Equality-everyone is equal o Why are the values
But all leaders need some kind of limitation, which is where the Separation of Powers comes in. The Separation of Powers creates the three branches of government: Legislative, Executive and Judicial, each with their own system of powers and regulations. The Legislative branch has the powers to create, amend, and change laws. The Executive branch carries out the laws created by the legislature, and is where the president resides. And the Judicial branch explains the laws as well as checking to make sure all laws are constitutional.
It divides the federal government into three main branches: the bi-cameral legislative branch, comprised of the House of Representatives and the Senate, holds the responsibility as the main law maker. The judicial branch, comprised of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, is responsible for the adjudication of cases under federal law (1804). The executive branch executes and enforces federal law. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton understood the importance of balancing the separation of powers; as well as the necessity of strengthening each branch of the government, including the strengthening of the executive branch if necessary for the sake of national security. James Madison wrote in Federalist 51, “The
Congress itself is responsible for certain things as well. The powers of Congress are set forth by the United States Constitution, defined by rulings of the Supreme Court. There are three different kinds of powers that the Congress is granted: general power, enumerated power, and implied power. Enumerated powers are explicitly defined by the Constitution, and implied are just assumed to exist. Some examples of these powers are authority of finical budgetary matters, lay and collect taxes, to pay debts, and provide to provide the common defense and general welfare of the United States.
The Constitution is the basis of what this country is about. It contains the rules that govern our country and protects the rights and freedoms of America's citizens. America is known as the country that stands for “freedom" and starting a life where you have the free will to do as you please. We have freedom of speech, we have freedom of religion, and there are many other examples of how the Constitution shows up in our lives every single