• Question 33 The motives for many writers of malicious software have changed from profit to curiosity and revenge. • Question 34 What major category of information warfare/cyber-terror does “data hiding” fall into? • Question 35 Hackers predominantly associate themselves with illegal acts. • Question 36 What major category of information warfare/cyber-terror does “cyber-plagues” fall into? • Question 37 This group tends to define hackers and their activities in terms of the danger associated with hacking and its sometimes malicious intent.
Cyber terrorists can be motivated to target organizations that will result in the radical’s group to cause the most harm and/or receive the most attention for their party. Cyberterrorists use the internet to spread propaganda and enlist new members and use DoS/DDoS attacks to cause disruption to companies that represent actions against their belief’s (Vacca & Rudolph, 2011). Cyber terrorists can also steal information to be used for self-serving strategic purposes. Kostadinov (2012) makes the distinction between cybercrime and cyberterrorism in that the latter should resemble terrorist attacks via traditional methods but perpetrated virtually. Kostadinov goes on to note that most cyberterrorism actions are generally focused on website sabotage and email blasting.
The attempt at suicide almost doubles for victims of cyberbullying than their non-cyberbullied counterparts (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010). Let’s take a look at the definitions of bully, cyberbully, victim, and bystander(s), because I believe a cyberbully evolved from a face-to-face bully. Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior that involves a real or perceived power imbalance and is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time (“Bullying Definition,” n.d., para. 1). A cyberbully is someone who bullies using electronic devices such as computers, tablets, and cell phones (“What is Cyberbullying”, n.d., para 1).
Step 1 – Define the problem When reviewing and revising cyber bullying policy for the city of St. Joseph, I took it upon myself to look at the past and present policy upon bullying and cyber bullying St. Joseph has in place. I looked at the St. Joseph School District policy and noticed the school policies defines bullying as “repeated and systematic intimidation, harassment and attacks on a student or multiple students, perpetuated by individuals or groups. Bullying includes but is not limited to: physical violence, verbal taunts, name calling, and put downs, threats, extortion or theft, damaging property and exclusion from a peer group”. I looked at the current policy on bullying for the St. Joseph school district public schools. Although
It seems as if cyber-bullying is a cruel way to treat someone. Any identity can be created on the Internet and that could be a good thing or a bad thing. Many things happen on the web and people hurt certain ones and do not get the punishment they should. Cyber-bullying has led to murders including suicides. The Internet is a huge tool when it comes to the subject taunting others.
For the 21st Century Readiness Project, I started doing research on Teen Crimes. This stuck out to me the most because Hoke County High School has been impacted in a way that was unimaginable by this very topic. When teenagers are out in the world without an adult present, the door is open for any situation. Teen crime is going to continue to have severe consequences if nothing is done to prevent it. There are several theories as to why teens act out in violence, which results in many rules and regulations at schools and other places that there were not before, but can be prevented by using several different avenues including the family, schools, and the community.
Anonymity One of the factors explaining the rise of cyber bullying is anonymity. Social networking sites provide the bullies with the ability to remain anonymous. However, this allows cyber bullies with the opportunity not only to exploit but also manipulate the vulnerable identities of teenagers. The mask of anonymity on the internet has become common and it has become impossible for victims to deal with their bullies directly face to face. People have the opportunity to construct one’s identity on social networking sites such as Facebook and My space.
Such testimony can allow a court to classify the officer as a school police officer (rather than an outside or independent police officer) and apply the lower reasonable suspicion standard to a search. Third, it is prudent for school police officers to work in conjunction with school officials whenever conducting a student search. If this is not practical, student searches conducted by school police officers acting alone have been upheld by some courts. However, many courts have not yet expanded the authority of school police officers, acting alone, to conduct warrantless student searches based on reasonable
Unit 12 – Crime and Effects on Society Assignment 2 P4 - Describe the effects crime has on communities and the individual • Teenagers – Teenagers are affected by crime in different ways, they can be involved in fights and they may be targeted by looking at a criminal in a wrong way. The main way they will be affected by crime is that they could be judged by other generations for being criminals, giving teenagers a bad name. As a result of this, they may pick up on anti-social behaviour as they don’t think it is fair, or to fit in with the other trouble makers. • Children – Children are affected by crime negatively as they are very easily into manipulating, they can be brought up to be a criminal just from living next to one. Children are
1. Introduction In the information age, bullying is not only limited to attacking the victims in person but has expanded to the cyberspace. Cyberbullying has grown with the increasing prevalence of the use of the internet (Smith et al., 2008). Previous research has revealed that 87 percent of interviewees having witnessed others being cyberbullied and over 30 percent of them affirm that they have been cyberbullied (Cyberbullying Research Centre, 2016). Cyberbullying is found to cause enormous harm to teenagers.