A&P Exam One Review

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* Objectives (1:1-14) (2:1-3) Objectives (1:1-14) (2:1-3) * Anatomy - the study of the structures of the body and their interrelationships * * Types of Anatomy: * 1st Gross Anatomy - study of structures that are large enough to be seen without magnification Regional Anatomy - examines all body parts & their relationships to one another Systematic Anatomy - examines all structures with a particular body system Surface Anatomy - examines internal structures as they relate to the body’s surface 2nd Microscopic Anatomy – anatomical study of structures that need to be seen with magnification Cytology Anatomy - the study of cells within the body Histology Anatomy - the study of tissues within the body * 3rd Developmental Anatomy - examines structural changes from conception through old age i. Embryology Anatomy - formation of all organ systems (between weeks 4-8) ii. Fetology Anatomy - growth of tissues and organ systems (between weeks 9-birth) * 4th Pathological Anatomy - examines structural changes during a disease process * 5th Radiographic Anatomy - studies the structures of the body using various imaging techniques X Ray - band of radiation passes through the body to a fluorescent screen Computed Tomography (CT/CAT) - rotates around the body; generates 3D images Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – magnetic field induces hydrogen atoms which align Positron Emission Tomography (PET) – shows activity in living, awake patients Ultrasound - high frequency ultrasonic waves * * Physiology - the study of how structures of the body functions * * Abdominopelvic Regions: * (1) Right Hypochondriac Region * (2) Epigastric Region * (3) Left Hypochondriac Region * (4) Right Lumbar Region * (5) Umbilical Region * (6) Left

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