A World Apart Essay

1295 WordsNov 4, 20126 Pages
The American correctional system is comprised of many different avenues of punishment and rehabilitation. The plan is to deter crime through punishment and rehabilitation whether it is through community-based programs or through incarceration. The correctional system of England is very similar in the fact that there are prisons and community based programs in which to deter criminal acts in their communities. The differences are not large between the two systems. In fact, the American system does reflect that of the England system (Net Industries, 2011). Both countries have prisons, probation, and community-based programs. In the early 20th Century, England’s correctional facilities began to use the borstal system. This system involved a routine that consisted of hard, physical labor and educational and technical training (The Howard League for Penal Reform, 2011). This system promoted a strong moral atmosphere and was used to encourage young inmates to work their way through grades of imprisonment that was based on his or her privileges (The Howard League for Penal Reform, 2011). During this time, this system was followed until the inmate was released. The Criminal Justice Act of 1948 did away with this system by ending the hard labor and penal servitude (The Howard League for Penal Reform, 2011). Flogging was also put to an end because the desire became to treat the prisoners in a humane manner. In April 1993, the prison service became an agency of the government so that policies could be maintained (The Howard League for Penal Reform, 2011). The 1990’s introduced privately run prisons and currently there are 11 privately managed prisons with more being planned (The Howard League for Penal Reform, 2011). The future prisons will be managed by a private sector as opposed to being run by the government (The Howard League for Penal Reform, 2011). Britain has the

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