A World Apart
Christopher D. Mejia
University of Phoenix
The country that I have chosen to compare to the United States correctional system is that
of Mexico and their correctional system. Both of these counties share a lot of similarities in their
correctional systems. The United States and Mexico have been working together to try to stop
the illegal drugs from crossing into the United States. In this essay paper I will try to compare
both countries criminal system.
The judiciary in Mexico is divided into federal and state systems. The Mexican federal
courts have jurisdiction over major felonies, which includes drug trafficking. In Mexico’s
federal system, the judicial power is implemented by its Supreme Courts of Justice circuit courts
and district courts.
The Mexican Supreme Court consists of a president and four other judges. The president
and the four judges deal with penal affairs. There are twelve collegiate circuit courts. Each of
the twelve, have three magistrates. They deal with the right of amparo or constitutional rights of
an individual similar to habeas corpus. They also have nine unitary circuit courts with one
magistrate each that deal with appeals. The Mexican system has sixty-eight district courts that
are consisted of one magistrate per district.The Mexican State judiciary system is similar to the
federal system. It is composed of state courts, courts of the first instance, and justice of the
peace or police judges.
The prison population in Mexico is 175,253 prisoners. The prison population in the
United States is 2,078,570 prisoners. The United States prisons population is greater than
Mexico because the United States put about 7% of their inmates in prison.
The prisons in the United States are broken up into different levels of security and
supervision. This is usually deciphered by the type of offense that the offender is incarcerated
for. The different...