Paige Hannemann Period: 3 Mrs. Sigafoos AP European History Research Report: Mentally Ill Patients Behind Bars America's combined prison and local jail population topped 2 million inmates for the first time in history on June 30, 2002; however, the crime rates for physical or violent offences were considerably lower that year. Why is that? As we look at American history we see that in 1833, mental institutions were first built because of the maltreatment of mental patients in local jails and prisons. We then find that in 1955 the number of mental institutions grew to 1/2 million, with 560,000 patients. In 1963, a month before his death, John F. Kennedy gave 150 million dollars to the community for new mental health center programs,
Winterbourne View Scandal I have chosen to write about the Winterbourne View care home for my essay about the abuse the people under their care experienced as this is a subject I feel very passionate about. The Winterbourne care home was a privately run hospital in Hambrook, south Gloucestershire operated by Castlebeck care, which closed in the wake of the scandal. Winterbourne was opened in December 2006 and had enough beds for 24 people with learning difficulties; it was registered to provide assessment and treatment to their residents. Castlebeck earned an average of £3,500 per week for each patient with a turnover of £3.7 million. The patients of Winterbourne care home were placed far away from their families, one of the main reasons they were placed in Winterbourne was so they can manage crisis.
Prisoners also often live with their parents or siblings after release. Also with recidivism rates in the United States upwards of 69% it is quite clear that released prisoners are having difficulty readjusting and returning to normative lives in society (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2008). Prisons aim to serve retribution, incapacitate, deter, and rehabilitate offenders, but much of the research on recidivism rates deny the idea that “prison works” (Dhami, 2006). With so many prisoners returning to prison within a year of being released, it seems that the prison system is not providing inmates with the rehabilitation and therapy needed to function once they return into society. Families also play a large role in the reentry process for formal prisoners after their release, many of them relied on their families for emotional and financial support.
Psychologically speaking depression can be a ramification because again the inmates are in their cells 22 hours a day. The cells are small and they are deprived of social communication. Going outside is a privilege to most. The time given to the inmates can be viewed as living under barbaric conditions even though we are speaking about criminals. Agnew posits that “deprived” communities are more likely to be populated by “strained” individuals and that these communities will suffer from more blocked opportunity structures, (Hoffman, 2003).
Even DOSA (Drug Offender Sentencing Act) which says they get half time upon completion of drug counseling, most inmates are unable to complete. However, due to budget cut this leaves inmates or the state to pay for the costs which cost even more than doing it inside the institution. Recidivism, which means to recommit crime, is over 90 percent for drugs offenders even with treatment. Without treatment or education offenders are committing more crime and most of the inmates are going back to prisons. If there are more good programs that would work for these inmate and guide them throughout, each individual should have the responsibility to complete the program and earn something from it.
New Asylums Ever since the development of asylums in the U.S., the mentally ill have been housed in these hosipitals. However, due to a number of different reasons, such institutes have been closing down. The lack of these mental facilities in todays society has been a growing concern; such closures have lead to mentally unhealthy ending up in prisons instead. The documentary, New Asylums, aimed to shed some light onto the many concerns regarding this use of prisons to house mentally ill individuals. When the mental health facilities were shut down, police and prisons are left to deal with the mantally ill patients.
Mental Illness Impacts Law Enforcement Resources A LOSE – LOSE SITUATION By: Kelly Gunning, Operations Director NAMI Lexington, Ky. In recent months advocates from NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness) have met with officials from the Fayette County Public Advocacy Office; both sides bemoaning the ever enlarging number of individuals with severe mental illness coursing through the criminal justice system. The court system and the jails are undoubtedly becoming the default mental health system in an unrecognized and misunderstood crisis. Police officers, sheriff’s deputies, and corrections personnel have become our nation’s frontline mental health workers. A recently released study, “The Impact of Mental Illness on Law Enforcement Resources” (M.C.
Adm criminal justice: Tuesday nights | Changing the Lives of Prisoners: A New Agenda | Lawrence Thomas Jablecki | | Hunter Swann | 5/17/2011 | Unit 6 | In this article Lawrence Lablecki talks about the different programs the United States prison systems are using in order to more effective and efficiently change the lives of the inmates. There are inmates that want to change, and inmates that do not. However some inmates do not qualify for these extra-curricular prison programs. Today more than two million people are incarcerated in state and federal prisons. Six hundred thousand are released every year and within three to five years, fifty to sixty percent return to prison for new crimes they’ve committed.
During the last two decades, there has been a gap in America between the lifestyles of those who grew up poor and those who didn’t. Once someone who goes to jail once often are looked down upon by employers and these individuals are now limited to work opportunities, causing the poverty cycle to begin. Similarly, juveniles being tried as adults are increasing populations. Many of our laws have been altered to harshly punish youth offenders. By shifting the sentencing structure, more youth are going to prison for minor crimes.
The Mentally ill in Prison Reports of large numbers of mentally ill people in American jails and prisons began appearing in the 1970’s. By midyear 1998 there were a quarter of a million mentally ill people incarcerated in prison or jail. I feel that putting mentally ill people in prison or jail is wrong. Why would you arrest someone who doesn’t know what they are doing is wrong? Instead of arresting them for months or years at a time I think we should just put them in a care home or put them on probation so that their officer can keep checking on them to make sure they take their medications.