A Just War can never happen?
A Just War is one which has to be fought but is conducted according to certain conditions. These were developed by Thomas Aquinas (c1225-74) and Francisco de Vitoria (c1483-1546) and are still referred to by Christians today.
The theory is not intended to justify all wars but to prevent them by showing that going to war - except in certain limited circumstances - is wrong. The intention was to motivate states to find other ways of resolving conflicts, prevent war and to limit its effects.
The conditions of a Just War are:
* it must be fought by a legal recognised authority, eg, a government
* the cause of the war must be just
* the war must be fought with the intention to establish good or correct evil
* there must be a reasonable chance of success
* the war must be the last resort (after all diplomatic negotiations have been tried and failed)
* only sufficient force must be used and civilians must not be involved
Some wars can appear to meet all of these conditions. For example, World War Two (1939-1945) would appear to have been a Just War:
* it was fought by Germany and the Allied countries who were legal authorities
* Germany was being attacked for invading other countries
* the intention was to correct the evil Hitler was doing for Nazi Germany
* the Allies felt that they had a reasonable chance of success and they did win
* all forms of negotiation with Hitler and the Third Reich had failed
* most of the fighting was limited to the armies concerned and to harbours and munitions sites
This looks as though it was a ‘properly constituted’ Just War, but actions like the Allied bombing of Dresden, a two-day raid by almost 2,400 bombers that destroyed the city and killed perhaps 135,000 civilians to virtually no military purpose, certainly broke the final condition.
World War 2 couldn’t have been a Just war then because it broke the final condition. So does this mean that Just...