A Heavy Burden Essay

3782 WordsJan 4, 201316 Pages
Type 2 Diabetes & Obesity: A Heavy Burden A report from Diabetes UK The charity for people with diabetes March 2005 Diabetes UK, 10 Parkway, London, NW1 7AA www.diabetes.org.uk, Telephone 020 7424 1000 Registered charity number: 215199 Diabetes & Obesity: A Heavy Burden A report from Diabetes UK The charity for people with diabetes Contents Page Executive summary 4 Introduction 5 Diabetes Today 6 Obesity Today 7 Diabetes & Obesity - The links 9 Preventing Diabetes 10 Taking action, public health measures 10 Staying active & Eating Well 12 What next? 15 What is diabetes? 16 About Diabetes UK 17 References 18 Executive Summary Obesity is one of the biggest public health challenges facing the United Kingdom today. Excess weight can lead to a number of debilitating conditions including Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke. Obesity is a rapidly increasing problem. • In the last 22 years obesity has nearly trebled in adult women and nearly quadrupled in men . • It now affects over one in five adults in the UK The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes has increased dramatically in the last decade, primarily because of the link with obesity. • In the 1950’s 200,000 people were diagnosed with diabetes in the UK. The figure in 2004 stood at 1.8 million . • 100,000 people are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes every year in the UK . The more overweight you are, the higher your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. • Over a ten year period those with a BMI of over 35 are up to 80 times more likely to develop the condition than someone with a BMI of less than 22 . • Once your BMI is over 30 you are already up to 10 times more likely to get diabetes . The impact of obesity on both individuals and the NHS is enormous. Diabetes alone can lead to serious

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