A Freudian Psychoanalysis of Frankenstein

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‘Frankenstein’ or the ‘Modern Prometheus’ written by Mary Shelley was the product of a range of historical, cultural and philosophical ideologies of the time. The book was written in England during the Enlightenment Era and thus, embraces ideas relevant to the period as well. Victor Frankenstein was a scientist who in an attempt of experimentation creates a monstrous and grotesque creature using his scientific abilities. The story is about the downfall of Victor Frankenstein after the creation of this creature whom he abandons. The creature is born 8ft tall and ugly to look at, but with the mind of a new born child. All he is looking for is acceptance and love but is instead rejected throughout the novel because of his outrageous physical appearance, turning him into an aggressive and villainous murderer. The monster’s violent actions play on Victor’s mind and manifest in the form of guilt. The novel is set mostly in Geneva, which was an influence of the travels of Mary Shelley. Most critics have received the novel as an amalgamation of the gothic novel with elements of the Romantic Movement. A lot has also been written on the subject of Frankenstein from a Freudian psychoanalytic perspective because of the complexity of the characters and the thought processes that drive their actions. This essay attempts to analyze the Freudian element present in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and draws a parallel between the Freudian psychoanalytic approach and motives in the novel. Sigmund Freud was one of the most renowned psychologists of all time and introduced the concept of psychoanalysis to the world. There has always been a lot of debate regarding his theories and their validity. Much has been written about Frankenstein in the light of Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theories. Sigmund Freud developed theories on childhood, sexuality, personality and memory,
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