Outline and explain 2 ways in which the media socialises individuals. (16) One of the ways in which the media socialises individuals is through role models. These role models are real or fictional figures who help to reinforce socially acceptable ways of behaving and therefore act as a form of social control. These role models can appear in magazines, television programmes or newspapers. The role models are often portrayed as making morally right decisions and actions which help to socialise people into the correct ways of behaving.
This theory represents a conflict between good and evil in us which is determined by the capacity to keep "evil" impulses in check. Stevenson states "With every day, and from both sides of my intelligence, the moral and the intellectual, I thus drew steadily nearer to the truth, by whose partial discovery I have been doomed to such a dreadful shipwreck: that man is not truly one, but truly two." (Stevenson 104) The "evil" in ourselves is based off the high expectations and traditions presented to us. It’s in our human nature that suggests the different personalities of a person that’s affected which act independently and unknowingly of one another, whereas in the case of Dr. Jekyll, his second personality is a conscious creation brought into being willfully. In this situation, Dr. Jekyll inherits his family's reputation in high social status.
It seems like A Doll’s House’s “characters and lines have a purpose” that the audience “seeks better understanding of the play” (Urban). In Henrik Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, the female protagonist, Nora, has to face a huge dilemma in her life that she has to hide from everyone for the sake of the family’s pride and reputation. The reason the dilemma came to be was because Torvald, Nora’s husband fell ill. To save him, she went to the bank and forged her father’s signature to get a loan from a man named, Krogstad, to take Torvald to Italy to get healthy. She promised to pay back the loan as soon as she could. After Torvald came home, the bank made him chief.
However, other perspectives (such as Marxism and the New Right) would have different-not necessarily opposing- views. To begin with, one view on the role of education is that it acts as a ‘bridge between the family and wider society’ which is shown in Item A. This is because Education helps ease transitions between family life and society. For example, Talcott Parsons argues that this is the case because in the family there are particularistic standards, which means the child is judged on standards that apply only to them. On top of this, the child’s status within the family is ascribed because it’s what they’re born in to.
It is important to engage in the client’s world so they are able to express their feelings. This will then lead for exploration, to be able to accept previously denied aspects of self-involving checking with the client which should be natural and free flowing. Respecting the individuality for the client (Mearns and Thorne, 2007). Rogers considered empathy as a ''state of being'', however Truax and Carkhuff defined empathy as a communication skill. A number of difficulties arose within the concept of empathy.
Abraham Maslow believe that people have certain needs they must meet in a technique way, from highest to lowest in self-actualization (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). According to Maslow the needs of safety, love, belonging, and achievement must come into focus for humans. Humanistic theory focues on the individual and suggest that they are in control of his or her state of mind. The environment and the influence of inner thoughts, actions and desires affects the humans personality (McLeod, 2012). The Humanistic key figures are people who are encouraged in his or her upbringing to develop their own unique style instead appreciate when they meet other individuals’ outlooks to develop self-concepts.
At that time, only men controlled the money, ran the businesses, made the laws, and set up moral standards. In A Doll’s House, Nora proves that she is capable of obtaining money and working for it. She proves that women are as effective as men when it comes to this. Ibsen depicts Nora as the one who strives to achieve the perfect ideal that is set before her by the contexts of her society and her husband. She portrays the reality of women in society.
In all honesty people think that most people become frustrated over not having certain desires in their lives and that is what causes violence and aggression. With the economy the way it is, people will not always get what they want in life so yes there may be lots of frustrations in life that may continue to have violence and aggression increase in our life. With all this being said, violence and aggression will continue to increase in most opinions of people. Neurosis, desperation, envy, greed, and collectivism are all keys factors of aggression. (Jarret B. Wollstein) Violence and Aggression
Personal opinion and reflection of these barriers will be concisely discussed. Concluding this assignment will be a discussion of how barriers between counsellor and culturally diverse clients may be overcome during the counselling process in addition to the limitations of multicultural counselling in the present counselling arena. Culture is valued as “a sociological and anthropological concept. It denotes how people live their lives through their particular beliefs and social practices, including religion and family customs,” (Palmer & Laungani, 2009). Culture affects how people think, feel, and behave in a society.