A Critical Review of the Breaking the Cycle

3032 Words13 Pages
A critical review of the Breaking the Cycle: Abstract: In 2010 the green paper; Breaking the cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of Offenders was issued, with the government response being released in 2011. This review looks to show how neo-liberalism and changes in penal power and states has had a hand in influencing the policies suggested and how it subsequently led to it not going through. This review also looks to explore how public opinions have changed to iconize the victims of crime and the role of crime in the media has also helped to shape the policies suggested and later refused, such as the heavily mentioned ideas of restorative justice as opposed to harsher punishments. Key words; neo-liberalism, punishment, rehabilitation, offenders, punitiveness, government policy, restorative justice Introduction: The themes of criminal and social justice have long since been linked with government policy and due to this policies are constantly being changed. Between the mid 1950s and the 1970s the number of prisoner in England and Wales had doubled, then between the 1970s and the 1990s the number had increased by an additional 20000. This result confused many as the official crime rate was said to have decreased. Garland in the book the culture of control argued that the increased number of those imprisoned was due to the culture of control which was the governments response to social insecurities and the governments want to improve public opinion. (Garside (2010)) The Green paper breaking the cycle was released in 2010 proposing a series of policies which had a main focus being on the concept of restorative justice as opposed to past policies which purely focused on punishing the offender rather than treating them, which were influenced by the pubic iconicisation of victims which meant a higher fear of crimes heightened by
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