A Critical Review of Eirlys Davies and Abdelali Bentahila, 1989, on Mother and Other Tongues: the Notion of Possession of a Language, Lingua, Vol. 78, Pp 267-293.

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A Critical Review of Eirlys Davies and Abdelali Bentahila, 1989, On Mother and other Tongues: The Notion of Possession of a Language, Lingua, vol. 78, pp 267-293. Have you ever thought about which language you consider to be yours? Well, Eirlys Davies and Abdelali Bentahila wrote a quite interesting article, On Mother and Other Tongues: The Notion of Possession of a Language, based on a survey that they conducted trying to figure out which language the multilingual people of Morocco saw as their mother tongue, and why they considered that language to be “their” language. Throughout the article, the writers tried to distinguish between other language(OL), mother tongue(MT), native language(NL), and first language(FL), which all sound the same but have totally different meanings. In the article, I saw that there were an uneven number of participants presented in the study. Aside from that, the writers did an excellent job of conducting their research and they had little, if any, errors in their findings. For the most part, the information was clear and everything was well backed up. The writers used OL, MT, NL, and FL to try and explain their results. They used many examples of each to try and formulate a theory. An interesting example for OL is that if someone gives up their first language for the national language, then the person will most likely continue to say “his language” is his first language. This is important because it shows that one’s first language is essential no matter what other languages they acquire overtime, no matter what the circumstances are. ML is closely related to OL but according to the writers, it is more closely related to the fact that you learned the language from your mother. For example, if a mother talked English at home but taught French at a school, it is very unlikely that any of her children would describe French as their

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