A Critical Examination of Retention and Dropout at City College The purpose of this paper is to evaluate a report conducted by The Learning Alliance to investigate student retention at City College. I found several findings from this report helpful in illuminating the retention problem. 1 a. Hispanic males are the most likely to dropout from City College, followed closely by Asian American males. Non-U.S. female citizens are most likely to persist. The report however does not go into specifics about what ethnicity they are.
While many people in the United States look for higher education after high school, financial barriers are in the way for a lot of these students due to rising college tuition costs. Although these high prices are seen as a negative by most, arguments have been made that they may actually be a good thing. Some say the higher price tag forces (potential) students to not take their education for granted. The opposing side responds with statements saying a lot of people aren’t given a chance and these prices are to far out of their reach. The bottom line is that the high and rising cost of college isn’t a good thing and reduces the amount of qualified workers.
In the United States a high school graduate earns 43% more than someone without a diploma, a college graduate earns 150% or one and half times more. Earning potential is low for dropouts, but the prospect of employment is not guaranteed, the unemployment rate for dropouts is 63% higher than it is for graduates according to the Bureau of Labor statistics (Statistics, 2007). Educators are aware that dropouts are more likely to be unemployed, earn lower wages, engage in criminal activity, have a higher need for public assistance, be single parents and have children at a younger age. An estimated 75% of state prison inmates and 59% of federal inmates are dropouts, and raising the graduation rate by one percent the U.S. would save $1.4 billion annually in cost related to crime and criminal activity, according to U.S Department of Justice (Justice, 2002). Raising the graduation rate is an objective that educators, legislators, parents, students, employers and all community members must be vigilant in
But during this economic recession, college students have been having a difficult time staying in the college path, especially working class students. The lack of moral support from their families prevents these unfortunate students to finish their college education. The increase of college tuition and limited financial aid are causing students to go into debt, making them hesitant whether they should keep studying or not. Also it’s preventing students from picking needed major but because the low paycheck they are not sure if they will be able to be sustained. But college drop outs also can able be due to the unequal college preparation given in high schools.
However, in the past two years, the application rate of Asian students began falling. And the phrase “Asian students discrimination” appeared. “‘You at least need to get 1800 of your SAT scores, or you even don’t have the chance to go abroad, I was told everyday before I came to American college”, Clara Pang, a DePauw University freshman Chinese international student said. The high application rate and higher SAT scores requirement made Chinese applicants stressed and nervous. This situation of unfair admission rate happened not only on the students from Asia, but also on the Asian Americans.
In this essay, I will evaluate the success of these programmes in their attempt to regenerate areas badly affected by urban decline. Urban decline is brought about by a number of factors including political decisions, outmigration, decline in quality of housing stock, lack of urban planning, loss of industry and an increasing concentration of low income groups. Political decisions can sometimes mean that areas are ignored for investment and therefore eventually go into decline. As areas become less desirable the skilled and wealthier population move out into more desirable areas, housing becomes of a lower quality as little money is pumped in for redevelopment. This means that the majority of people living in the area are those who cannot afford to move away.
It appears that the less college credit hours taken, the more aid a student receives, which in turns causes a student to graduate later than anticipated. In the article, “Stop Penalizing Poor College Students,” by Sandy Baum, Kristin Conklin, and Nate Johnson, the authors mention, “The Pell grant program is the federal government’s main strategy for helping low-income students finish College, but the way the program is designed makes it harder for those same students to graduate on schedule. “(Baum, Conkin, Johnson) If a child is planning to attend an Ivy League school and files for
Chapter 15 1. What factors bind marriages and families together? How have these factors changed, and how has the divorce rate been affected? Education and financial stability matter, “The decline in divorce rates varies by social category. It has declined dramatically for women college graduates, whereas less-educated women have experienced virtually stable divorce rates” (Lamanna & Riedmann, 2011, 402).
It’s a diagnostic test of how much you know and how well you take tests. It has been seen that there are differences in score due to race, economic status, and gender. The verbal section of the SAT I also discriminates against non-English speaking test takers as they find the analogy section extremely difficult (SAT I Not Best Indicator of Success). It would also have an affect with other sections of the test because they may not understand the directions or interpret something differently from the English speaking test takers. The percentage of blacks eligible for admissions for UCLA has doubled in recent year, yet fewer than one hundred blacks are expected to enroll this fall.
College scholarships are often tied up to grades, and students that fail to maintain a good GPA can lose scholarship money and even financial aid. Some states offer free or discounted tuition to students who maintain reasonably high grades. Although financial aid will allow students a grace period of a semester to bring up their grades, a lower grade can trigger financial issues and leave students scrambling for money to cover tuition. The most important effect of getting a bad GPA is the difficulty to get a job fresh-out of college. Nowadays, most employers that recruit recent graduates require a minimum GPA, especially if you are applying for technical openings.