The Mongols mainly focused on collecting taxes, and when they conquered the areas, they destroyed a lot of farmland in each. Little pay made its way to the farmers and inflation arose when paper money started to be distributed. With the many similarities the two empires held, a lot of differences occurred through the empire’s run. As for the most prominent reason, it was evident that their governments were run completely different. When conquering China, the Mongols kicked the bureaucratic elite to the curb, hired new foreign rulers, and eliminated the civil service examinations.
Also because of the different believes like Christianity, Confucianism and Buddhism. Which lead to riots and the down fall of the empire. Also they had external problems as well led to the down fall of the empire like the Han Empire. They were both technological advance because of engineers and their ability to read and write also the slaves because they were the back bone of it all. For example in the Roman empire civil engineer, construction materials, transportation technology and some invention such as the mechanical reaper.
Although this is true, China was much more open and positive towards technological advancements, while Rome was more of a class-divided society, which in turn causes the general opinion on technology and advancements to be low. It should be noted that all of the documents herein are sourced from men who are wealthy and or government officials. In order to correctly state each society’s views, there should be a document sourced from a woman, a minority, and or a lower class citizen. For example, in Doc. 7, an upper-class roman philosopher and advisor to Emperor Nero, stated “...invented by someone with a mind that was nimble and sharp, but not great or elevated.” When referring to the hammer and the tongs, his point of view is that rather than making something meaningful, they use their sharp mind for making manual labor easier thus encouraging laziness.
What institutions did the Immigration Committee seem most concerned about? The committee was obviously most worried about the factory and mining industry, they stated repeatedly how the Chinese would work too cheap compared to what the “white men” could live on. They were worried about the Chinese being unclean and working in our food services and also contaminating the cities. Why does the report mention the “vegetable” diets of the Chinese? They state this to try to show how the Chinese refuse to assimilate.
Is the Mandate of Heaven still used or referenced currently in China? How often were rulers passed down from father to son? How many rulers were overthrown in China because of the Mandate of Heaven? Did the Europeans get the idea of the divine right of Kings from the Mandate of Heaven? 5) The authors do agree with certain ideas of the source, such as virtue.
The Chinese believed in strict social groups and people were expected to behave according to their social position. This belief was further reinforced by the Chinese philosopher Confucius, who taught that strict social order and discipline was the key to a successful society. Men and women in ancient China were not equal and men were afforded far more privileges than women. The Chinese strongly believed in the wisdom of the elders and, as such, grandparents were greatly respected beneath the emperor, there were four main social classes in ancient China. These four classes were nobles and officials, peasants, artisans and merchant.
The Kings were converts of Christianity just to establish closer relations with Portuguese whereas Chinese has great problems with the exclusivity of Christianity but the Jesuits were respectful of Chinese culture and won a few converts. China had an outstanding naval capacity in the early 1400s and the Chinese used a tribute system as a basis for trade and restricted access of foreign traders to Chinese markets, particularly by limiting them to specified ports under controls established by the central government. China experienced economic changes,
After the fall of the Han dynasty China was chaos, and the chaos ended with the rising of the Sui dynasty. These changes in classical China helped them but mainly led to their fall. A political continuity is that China was continuously ruled by dynasties, whose emperor ruled by the mandate of heaven. Something that remained the same was bureaucracy and the opportunity to take the civil service exam and work in government no matter your social standing. A cultural continuity is the continued practice of ancestor worship and faithfulness, the reason these were still practiced was because Confucianism was still very well-known in China.
Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
Heng Lena 1 Chinese Music During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Chapter 1: Introduction The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution between 1966 to 1976 is a singular era in history. It was a time when artistic creation and production were heavily sanctioned, historical artifacts and sites devastated because they had feudalistic claims and the education system virtually halted with university entrance exams being cancelled and books destroyed .1 Music, like all other art forms, did not escape censorship during the Cultural Revolution, and naturally, it was influenced and shaped by the social and political factors of that time. Chinese music, of that era has been branded by many as artistically inferior when compared to music from the West, and used as a mere tool for Party propaganda.2 At the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, Jiang Qing, in order to secure her position as the leader of the revolution and to suppress the rising wave of opposition against her, took up a few modern operas under her hand and used them as a “tool for the people's revolution”. 3 Building upon the Mao frenzy of that time, Jiang Qing's brilliant political move of using Mao's name and the operas ensured her firm 1 2 3 Details of the Chinese Cultural Revolution are referenced from Zhou Quan Hua. “ Wen Hua Da Ge Ming” Zhong De “Jiao Yu Ge Ming” (文化大 革命”中的“教育革命).