Bullying Behaviour

1285 Words6 Pages
There are various types of bullying but all of them implicate an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim, which is normally intentional and harmful with a tendency of being repetitive (Olweus, 1993). According to Dodge and Coie (1987) a bully is someone that performs a repetitive proactive aggression action towards someone without being provoked. The ratio of frequent bullying reported internationally ranges from a low of 1.9% among 1 Irish sample to a high of 19% in a Malta study. (Nansel, et al., 2001) Bullying behaviour comes in various forms, it can be direct and evident like hitting and name-calling or more indirect or subtle like spreading rumours and social exclusion. The following is a list of types of bullying which a child can be subject to: 1. Verbal bullying 2. Physical bullying 3. Emotional bullying 4. Cyber bullying 5.…show more content…
Example: child X (being the bully) jokes with child V (the victim) and child V is offended by X’s joke. Such type of bullying affects both the victim and the “bully” – when this happens for more than once child V will start to feel less confident. However, as a result of a repetitive behaviour from the child X the “bully” will be excluded by the rest of the class or group. Effects As already mentioned previously, the effects of bullying does not only affect the bullied person, but also the bully him/herself. However another bracket of people who are affected by the action of bullying are the people witnessing the actual bullying. Following is a list of effects gathered from various sources such as UNICEF (2007) and more: The effects on a victim include: • Loss of an interest in schoolwork. • Reluctance to attend school; poor attendance. • Lower grades. • Limited social contact with peers. • Poor body
Open Document