Social isolation can also be a big factor for loss of appetite Forgetfulness Illness and medications can result in reduced appetite and difficulties with shopping, preparing and eating food. The person with dementia may have problems communicating that they are hungry or that they dislike the food they have been given. They may communicate their needs through their behaviour. For example, they may refuse to eat or hold food in their mouth. Giving people a choice of food, using prompts and pictures, may help.
GR 230 Nutrition in Health & Disease Chapter 2 Assignments 1. What are the consequences of slowed digestion in older adults? The consequences of a slowed digestive symptoms in older adults ranges from different disorders effects. Disorders like gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) will that affect the mouth and esophagus may make eating and swallowing difficult may trigger heartburn or pain in the chest in older adults. This causes frustration and reduce the willingness to eat.
Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. Outcome 1 1) People with dementia can easily forget to eat and drink or if they have eaten or drunk sometimes they want more when they have already eaten, they can for get their likes / disli,kes, these can have various consequences to their well being I.e Lose / gain weight , eat the wrong foods especially if they have dietary problems ( diabetic or allergies, high cholesterol. Some people with dementia need observing, prompting and encouragement. 2) Poor nutrition due to lack of sustenance can cause brain and health deterioration as not they are not getting the correct balanced diet. 3) Forgetting to eat or drink/ eaten or drunk can cause distress and emotional problems, also could cause health problems I.e Bowl movement, bladder problems (UTI’s), challenging behaviour, problems when assisting to eat.
a glass or a cup. They instead might be better encouraged to pick up food buffet style or finger food. This could a way to overcome their loss of ability to function as they once did and rather than become distressed and confused they prefer to just pick up food as it is easier for them to do. Some find they can’t function to eat and drink and they may need support in doing so. Emotional Changes can be the negative emotions that is brought on from the confused state of mind that is brought on by Dementia.
Unit 222- Support individuals to eat and drink. 222.1.3- Some people might refuse to eat some food that has been given to them. They will have been given this food because it is what it says they need in their care plan such as a liquidised diet or a soft diet. If someone is on one of these diets then they might not be able to choose what they want to eat and then this will cause problems between the individual and the care assistant. However, there are some ways that you can resolve these difficulties and dilemmas.
The field of learning and motivation studies how behavior depends on the outcomes of past behaviors as well as current motivations. This means that a past or current experience with a certain food can cause your brain to reject that food. For instance, if a person eats something and then throws up, that person’s brain will associate that food with illness and cause the person to grow a disliking to it. This is possible even if the food is not the cause of the person throwing up. Another field of psychological research is cognitive psychology, which studies the processes of thought and knowledge.
As with other eating disorder sufferers, they negatively evaluate their body shape and weight. They may find comfort in food if they are stressed or unhappy, then feel guilty after bingeing. As the disorder becomes a dominant part of their life, the sufferer may become withdrawn and isolated. Eating disorder 2: Anorexia nervosa sufferers have a distorted body image, which is at the heart of the condition. They constantly worry about their weight and are obsessed with being thin.
Many clients could start to feel down on themselves and use that food for comfort; however, there are those who have the reverse effect and when they are depressed they choose not to eat food at all. A lot of people with eating disorders have negative self-images or have some form of mental illness that causes them to think negative thoughts about their body. Mediators are great for things like group counseling because they allow women to discuss their triggers and reasons for their eating disorders and the mediator can use other people’s experiences to help assist in redirecting client’s way of thinking and also help prevent any tension that could be created during the discussion. Mediators can help clients see
1.2 describe the types of memory impairement commonely experienced by individuals with dementia. Individuals who are living with dementia are found to commonely suffer from short term memory loss. Which can affect the brain from remembering recent events. It can also affect the way individuals communicate as speech can often be affected as well as the ability to retain information. Other basic functioning skills that may be affected can be the ability to understand instructions as well as completing basic day to day tasks such as washing dressing and preparing meals.
Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia Unit 4222-366: Amy Shanks Outcome 1 Understand the nutritional needs that are unique to indivivuals with dementia 1. Inability to express one's needs or desires, ability to hold or use utensils, remembing to eat and distinguish the food from the plate, to suffer from a vision impairment, hearing loss, to maintain appropriate posture (sit upright)have the inability to move food inside the mouth, chewing or swallowing problems, depression, distress, excessive pacing that may increase calorie use, having difficulty sitting down for meals can contribute to poor diet and fluid intake, healthy nutrition for an individual with dementia 2. An individual with dementia who is suffering from poor nutrition can have an increase in behavioral symptoms and suffer from weight loss 3. Other health and emotional conditions: chronic diseases that decrease appetite, such as diabetes, bowel and cardiac problems, also certain medications can decrease appetite. The environment can have effects such as noise, confusion, too much visual stimulation, poor lighting, unpleasant odours, and uncomfortable room temperature 4. it is important to recognise and meet an individuals personal and cultural preferences concerning food and drink as the individual could find the food unappealing, have difficulty eating the foods that are offered due to smells, flavours and textures, difficulty can also arise if too many foods are offered at one time 5.