CU1668 Equality, Diversity and Inclusion in Dementia Care Practice Aims This unit provides knowledge, understanding and skills for those who provide care or support to individuals with dementia in a wide range of settings. The unit introduces the concepts of equality, diversity and inclusion that are fundamental to person centred care practice. Credit Level 3 2 Assessment criteria The learner can: 1.1 Explain what is meant by: diversity equality inclusion Explain why an individual with dementia has unique needs and preferences Describe how an individual with dementia may feel excluded Describe why it is important to include an individual with dementia in all aspects of care practice Explain how values, beliefs and misunderstandings about dementia can affect attitudes towards an individual Demonstrate how an individual with dementia has been valued, included and able to engage in daily life Show how an individual’s life history and culture has been taken into consideration to meet their needs Demonstrate how the stage of dementia of an individual has been taken into account when meeting their needs and preferences Demonstrate ways of helping carers and others to understand that an individual with dementia has unique needs and preferences Learning outcomes The learner will: 1. Understand the importance of equality, diversity and inclusion when working with individuals with dementia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2. Be able to apply a person centred approach in the care and support of individuals with dementia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.
The person centred approach to the care and support of individuals with dementia – CU239P What is a person centred approach? A good care provider will follow the principles of person-centred care. The aims of this method of care are to see the person with dementia as an individual, rather than focusing on treating the person as a collection of symptoms and behaviours to be controlled or on abilities that they have lost. Person-centred care considers the person and families’ requirement’s as a whole, taking into account each case by their unique qualities, abilities, interests, needs, preferences, and treating residents with dementia with dignity and respect. Benefits of person centred care * Allows the client to retain a level of independence and capacities.
Assignment 301 Principles of communication in adult social care settings Assignment overview In this assignment, you will complete tasks to demonstrate your knowledge of the importance of effective communication in adult social care settings, and ways to overcome barriers to meet individual needs, wishes and preferences in communication. You will also address the principles and practices relating to confidentiality. There are two tasks to this assignment. A Short answer questions B Case study Ai Identify four different reasons why people communicate. To give and recive information and instructions To express feeling and needs To establish and maintain relationships To share ideas Aii Explain how effective communication can affect relationships in an adult social care setting between: Colleagues and other professionals Effective communication is essential between colleagues and other professionals, it means that they will be passing on clear, consise, informative and accurate information which will give the professionals the information they need Individuals using the service and their carers Effective communication between a carer and a service user will help to build a meaningful, trustful and respectful relationship.
As a carer I am aware that I need to be able to understand the ways in which I can make it easier to communicate with someone who has dementia. It will become difficult for a person to tell you if they are in pain, if they are frightened or upset, so by using other factors such as body language, eye contact, gestures, facial expressions, I am able to determine these things and then I can communicate back to the individual calmly and slowly, in a manner that is appropriate to them. 1.3 Describe how to support different communication abilities and needs of an individual with dementia who has a sensory
A good care home will follow the principles of person-centred care. This approach aims to see the person with dementia as an individual, rather than focusing on their illness or on abilities they may have lost. Instead of treating the person as a collection of symptoms and behaviours to be controlled, person-centred care considers the whole person, taking into account each individual's unique qualities, abilities, interests, preferences and needs. Person-centred care also means treating residents with dementia with dignity and respect. Question 2.1 Describe the role that carers can have in the care and support of individuals with dementia.
Unit 2 The person centred approach to the care and support of individuals with dementia. 1.1 Describe what is meant by a person centred approach. Person centred approach is the person is being cared for rather than focusing on the disease. To try and understand the behaviours of the individual and how to respond to these also. The carer would encourage the individual to have more of a say in their day to day life, get them involved in decision making and feel valued.
It can be helpful to introduce any equipment or make changes to the home in the earlier stage of the illness. Where to get advice If you are considering getting equipment for yourself, or someone you know, or are making adaptations to your home, seek advice from professionals as soon as possible. The following professionals should be able to help. An occupational therapist (OT) can advise on equipment and useful strategies to help someone with dementia with everyday activities, such as washing and dressing. As the dementia progresses, they can advise on appropriate ways to cope with the changes.
2.1 Explain how finding out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual contributes to their care plan The care plan is about the individual and their preferences, needs and wishes It should give information to others. Talking to the client about their past will enable the care plan to be completed accurately and reflect the individual and their preferences, needs and wishes, the more you know about the client the better the care plan can be adapted to that client. 2.2 Describe ways to put person-centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation Distressing, traumatic and frightening times are likely to have serious
Most places will have a format (usually a care plan) for identifying needs such as: * What they are able to do independently * Personal Care * Nutritional Needs * Daily Life * Choice and Control * Risks * Medications * Work, leisure and learning * Physical and mental health It is important that everything is included in the care plan. The person is the central aspect of the care plan and regardless of their state of mind, their dignity, integrity and most importantly, their individuality must be respected. If you look at a care plan as “input” and “outcomes”. THe use of a care plan does not structure itself around the service it provides but what is achieved by people receiving the service. 3.3 Explain the steps you would take if you could not gain consent from a person you support when undertaking an activity Consent can happen or be obtained in many different ways, whether it be informed consent (ensuring the client is informed of the task they are about to undertake), implied consent (a client may imply their consent by for example presenting their arm ready for a blood test or to take their blood pressure), written or verbal consent.