By the age of 5 children have an EEG pattern which is similar and looks like those of an adult but they are still sleeping more than adults with an approximate time of 12 hours in sleep and they also have more increase with approximately 30% of the total sleep time being in REM. At this stage, it appears that boys engage in more sleep than girls. This is the age where nREM sleepwalking often occurs but disappears in adulthood. During adolescence the need for sleep increases to 9-10 hours. Circadian rhythms change.
What is Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing while you sleep. Is a chronic disorder that affects your quality of sleep. Sleep apnea is one of the leading causes of daytime sleepiness increasing the risks of automobile accidents. Deprives you of a restorative sleep you need to be energetic and mentally sharp the next day. How you can help?
Narcolepsy usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood, and continues through the personâs life. It is thought that 1 in 2000 people suffer from narcolepsy but it is difficult to get an accurate measure of incidence as some people only have mild symptoms or just donât go to their doctors. Sufferers experience sudden and uncontrollable attacks of sleep at irregular and unexpected times. The two main symptoms are feeling sleepy a lot of the time, and losses of muscular control, episodes triggered by emotional arousal such as anger, fear, amusement, stress or anxiety. Other symptoms can include hallucinations and sleep paralysis - both experienced either when falling asleep or when waking up, and frequent waking up when asleep at night.
Sleep disturbance: difficulty getting to sleep, staying asleep or especially waking up early. Changes in appetite: usually loss of appetite but sometimes increased appetite. Weight loss or occasionally weight gain, fatigue, decreased energy, difficulty concentrating, thinking or making decisions. Symptoms of delirium: Reduced awareness of the
Sleeping habits for people in these fields of work are commonly irregular and inconsistent, which have an impact on their health. Adverse effects on their health range from physical, to emotional, to mental, and to social. Additionally, when one of these areas of
As humans grow from infancy to old age there are major changes in the amount and kind of sleep experienced. Babies sleep a lot more than children (spending from 16 to 20 hours asleep each day) and adults also have different sleep patterns and different stages of sleep. They tend to sleep about 16 hours a day. But their sleep is not continuous. By the age of six months a circadian rhythm has become recognized.
This medication is used in the treatment for patients with a disorder known as mania. Patients with mania experience a frenzied mood, or an abnormally excited mood. The side effects for this medication are as follows, drowsiness, blank facial expression, shuffling walk, agitation, nervousness, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, changes in skin color, widening or narrowing of the pupils, difficulty urinating, these are the less harmful side effects according to the National Institute of Mental Health (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/mental-health-medications). According to this same article the more severe side effects to this medication are as follows, fine worm like tongue movements, flu like symptoms, fast irregular heartbeat, sore throat chills or other signs of infection, neck cramps, difficulty breathing or swallowing,
Physical symptoms of GAD include a fast or pounding heart, headaches and inability to relax. Pyschological symptoms include excessive worry, feeling on edge, difficulty concentrating and sleep disturbances. After GAD has been present for a while a person may have inability making decisions that would normally be easy and may continually seek reassurance about everyday matters. * Panic Disorder A panic attack is where a person
Explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia This may be the case because they all share many of the same symptoms as dementia, for example: Symptoms of depression: Anxiety, irritability, Delusions Hallucinations Increased or decreased body movements Pacing, wringing their hands, pulling or rubbing their hair, body, or clothing Sleep disturbance: difficulty getting to sleep, staying asleep or especially waking up early Changes in appetite: usually loss of appetite but sometimes increased appetite Weight loss or occasionally weight gain Fatigue, decreased energy Difficulty concentrating, thinking or making decisions Slowed speech, slowed responses with pauses before answering, decreased amounts of speech, low or monotonous tones of voice Symptoms of delirium: Reduced awareness of the environment, this may result in: An inability to stay focused on a topic or to change topics Wandering attention Getting stuck on an idea rather than responding to questions or conversation Being easily distracted by unimportant things Being withdrawn, with little or no activity or little response to the environment Poor thinking skills (cognitive impairment) This may appear as: Poor memory, particularly of recent events Disorientation, or not knowing where one is, who one is or what time of day it is Difficulty speaking or recalling words Rambling or nonsense speech Difficulty understanding speech Difficulty reading or writing Behaviour changes Seeing things that don't exist (hallucinations) Restlessness, agitation, irritability or combative behaviour Disturbed sleep habits Extreme emotions, such as fear, anxiety, anger or depression Age-related memory impairment Forgetting where you left things you use regularly, such
It can be thought of as the proverbial “chicken and egg”. Sleep and its association with many types of physiological healing processes, as well as mental states, is a causative relationship in both directions. Sleep is a requirement for healthy nervous system functioning, yet an impairment in neurological functioning or mental disorders can impair sleep. For example, clinical depression is one of the leading causes of insomnia along with anxiety disorders (Halcomb, 2006), but insomnia also leads to depression (Halcomb, 2007). Sleep is also the optimum time and physiological state for cell growth and repair (Harkreader, 2007), yet states of impaired skin integrity, muscle, nerve, or organ damage usually causes pain, which impairs sleep.