OUTCOME 1 KNOW HOW TO RECOGNISE SIGNS OF ABUSE DEFINE THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ABUSE PHYSICAL ABUSE: Hitting, punching, kicking, scratching, pushing, burning, scalding or anything physical that can cause harm to another individual, over medicating, manual handling, undue restraint. A one off incident or regular occurrences. SYMPTOMS: Unexplained bruising or marks, hair loss, aggressive or quiet, loss of weight, flinching around a certain person, delay in medical treatment, eager to please, poor diet, poor hygiene, dehydration, frequent minor accidents without help, ulcers and bed sores due to lack of care for incontinence, frequent hopping from one GP to another. SEXUAL ABUSE Rape, grooming, inappropriate touching and or comments, non consented sexual activities, being made to watch sexual acts. Kissing, fondling.
hand prints, belts or shoes. Burns bites and scars or unusual shaped scars and fractures. Neglect- undernourished, dirty skin and hair, dirty or soiled clothing, inappropriate clothing for the weather, hunger and stealing food, tiredness, being withdrawn, being left unsupervised and not being given any medical care. Sexual abuse- recurrent urinary infections, genital and rectal itching and soreness, inappropriate behaviour regarding age and ability, inappropriate level of sexual knowledge, and sexual abusive behaviour toward others, lack of trust, regression, become isolated and withdrawn. Emotional abuse, low self-esteem, attention seeking behaviour, nervous behaviour, continual rocking, hair twisting, delayed development, and self-mutilation.
Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child has been abused or harmed Everyone working with children and young people should know what to look out for to know of things which they need to spot to recognise when a child is being abused or harmed. This does not mean that every sign means that a child is being abused. Sometimes signs are not seen physically but their behaviour can also indicate this. It is important that you monitor any changes in behaviour and sometimes a child could be facing different types of abuse this could include physical, emotional, sexual abuse or neglect. Physical abuse This is when a child is being physically abused this could include hitting, smacking, punching, kicking or include objects being thrown at them.
Self-harming, and starving themselves, refusing to eat and/or drink. * Neglect by others – When in a care home setting or dependent on others, basic personal care needs not met, such as washing, bathing, feeding. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. * Physical abuse – Bruising, swellings, bite marks, burns, sudden changes in behaviour. Even death in some cases.
• neglect by others: Includes ;ignoring medical or physical care needs , failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Physical : injuries like bruises, cuts, broken bones, Sexual : Medical problems such as chronic itching, pain in the genitals, venereal diseases. Other extreme reactions, such as depression, self-mutilation, suicide attempts, running away, overdoses, anorexia. Personality changes such as becoming insecure or clinging.
Being malnourished can be classed as physical abuse. Signs/symptoms: Signs of physical abuse can be injuries such as bruises, cuts and burns. These abuse injuries are usually in easily hidden places that cant be seen, they are unexplained and can go untreated to avoid being found. Physical injuries that are being inflicted over a period time are often in different stages of healing. Weight loss and unkempt appearance can be signs of abuse.
Risk of significant harm means a child or young person who is at risk of suffering some kind of abuse Physical or mental and emotional harm damaging to a child’s wellbeing and development. 2. The types of child abuse are Physical – When a child has suffered or is at risk of suffering non accidental physical trauma or injury Emotional/Psychological- When a childs social.emotional or intellectual development is at risk and threatened Sexual- When an adult, stronger child or adolescent uses their power or authority to involve a child in sexual activities Neglect-When a childs basic necessities of life are not met and their health and development are affected 3. Physical - Long periods of vacant stares or frozen stares - cannot explain injuries or injuries are not consistent to explanation has burns, bruising, burns in different stages of healing - may flinch when touched unexpectantly Emotional /Psychological - Avoiding eye contact with mother or carer -Bullying, disruptive or aggressive behaviours towards peers - Mental or emotional development lags Sexual - Short attention span -Fear of home or a specific place excessive fear of women or men - Dramatic behavioural changes or sudden non participation in activities Neglect - Medical needs not attended to, frequent infections, illness,sores - Malnutrition consistent hunger hoarding food
We do however, have both a responsibility and duty, as set out in your organisation’s child protection procedures, to act in order that the appropriate agencies can investigate and take any necessary action to protect a child. Physical abuse Physical abuse is deliberately causing physical harm to a child. This might involve punching; kicking, biting, burning, scalding, shaking, throwing or beating with objects such as belts, whips, or sticks. It also includes poisoning, giving a child alcohol or illegal drugs, drowning or suffocation. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of illness in a child.