3rd World Country Lifts

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3rd World Hospital Approaches to Lifting patients
Current medical devices that can lift hospital patients in 3rd world countries are either obsolete, beyond repair or too expensive to maintain. As a result, medical personal resort to manual lifting which can lead to common upper body injuries.
All medical staff, specifically nursing staff are taught to use standard lifting techniques for different situations. These techniques are used to transport the patients in a small proximity of area for a short interval of time. Transporting a patient from a hospital bed to a wheelchair is one of many examples of this procedure. The underlying issue with these standard practices is the constant strain that is applied to the caregivers’ bodies when lifting their patients and the lack of mechanical patient lifts that are both affordable and maintainable. In the United States alone, nursing aides and orderlies suffer the highest prevalence (18.8%) and report the most annual cases (269,000) of work-related back pain among female workers. [1] The notion that a first world country has a significant problem in its health care industry is alarming, considering the financial resources and capabilities it possesses and the fact that we have not even yet considered the statistics of work-related back problems in 3rd world countries.
Fore/aft Lift

Figure 1: Fore/aft lift technique [2].
A common method of transporting the patient from bed to chair and vice versa, the fore/aft lift procedure requires two workers to complete this maneuver. The awkward positioning and the forces applied to the workers tend to induce a high risk of back injuries.
One of the main reasons that this technique provides a huge burden to the workers’ spinal system is the position of both workers relative to the patient. Because the patient is supported a distance away from the base of both workers’ spine,

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