Napoleon's first major mistake was made in March of 1808, when Napoleon intervened in a dispute between the present king of Spain and the king's son. He placed them both in prison and put his own brother on the throne. The people of Spain did not take too kindly to this act and so began a bloody war that was not defined by major battles, but by guerrilla warfare that kept a large number of French troops occupied to keep control of the country. French troops would end up executing hundreds of Spaniards who were thought to be resisting French power. Britain saw an opportunity to weaken Napoleon's empire by landing 13,000 troops on the coast of Portugal, where they made their way up along Spain's coastline.
This was the first time the body had met since 1614. Angered by Louis' refusal to allow the three estates - the first (clergy), second (nobles) and third (commons) - to meet simultaneously, the Third Estate proclaimed itself a national assembly, declaring that only it had the right to represent the nation. Nonetheless, against a background of military defeat by Austria and Prussia, the revolutionary leadership was becoming increasingly radicalised. In September 1792, the new National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Louis was found guilty of treason and executed at the guillotine on January 21, 1793.
From my own knowledge I know that these acts, passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in London on the 10th march 1919, gave authorization to imprison people for up to two years without trial, anybody living within the Raj suspected of terrorism. This act was passed as a result of the Amritsar Massacre, when what started out to be a peaceful protest called by Gandhi soon escalated into violence after the arrests of Kitchlew and Pal. This showed clearly that British intentions were to repress rather than reform, and after all of the efforts Indians had made to support the British in the war and there economic suffering, they felt betrayed and provoked widespread fury in India. Source 15 also agrees with this statement, it states that the reforms were a response to the nationalist demand for greater involvement, so it shows us that they did respond, however the source further states that ‘these reforms eased the tension’ implying that they were more symbolic and in actual fact the reforms did nothing to help India gain any more power and control with in the British rule. In source 13 it sates that ‘many Indians were satisfied with the concessions’, this shows us that tension was eased from the reforms as many Indians were satisfied but there was still unrest within India.
On June 20, 1789 they found themselves locked out of the palace of Versailles which was their usual meeting place, and so they gathered in a nearby tennis court and vowed that they would continue to meet until they had established a new constitution for France. This was the first step of the French Revolution, as the Third Estate had no right to act as the National Assembly. Another of the causes of the overthrow of King Louis was the Storming of the Bastille. The Bastille was a medieval fortress with 8 towers, which at the time of the French Revolution housed only a few common criminals. the Bastille was constructed to defend the eastern wall of Paris in 1382.
The Slaughter of the Knezes on 4th February, 1804, angered the people and the leaders even more; causing an uprising on 14th February, 1804 in a small Šumadija village where they gathered and made decisions, such as choosing Karađorđe Petrović as the leader. Back in the year 1787-1791, the Austro-Turkish war ended, with the return of the Belgrade Pashaluk. The Serbs expected reprisals (hard revenge) from the Turks, due to supporting Austrians. Sultan Selim III has given the complete command of the Sanjak of Smederevo and Belgrade to the battle-hardened/cruel Janissaries. The Janissaries were Serbians that have been taken away (by the Turks) from their families at a young age, to train battle strategies and fighting against their own country and people.
She was not just a figurehead. Perhaps the most significant event during Empress Theodora's rule was the Nika revolt. During this event, two rival political groups (known as the Blues and the Greens) started a riot at the Hippodrome. They set many public buildings on fire and proclaimed a new emperor. Justinian, terrified and his officials, unable to control the crowd prepared to flee, but Theodora basically told them to stay and hold their ground.
The ways that the revolutionaries were successful In consolidating power was when Maximilien Robespierre was leading the national assembly in 1794, and was looking for a way to make sure that no counter revolutions took place, and he believed that the best way to do this was to kill off all of the citizens who did not believe in the revolution. This time in France became known as “The Reign of Terror” and is seen as the bloodiest time in France’s history. Tens of thousands of people were killed, many of which may not have even been guilty of the crimes they were accused of. Georges Danton stated at the time “let us be terrible, in order that the people are not so…let us embody terror, so as to prevent the people from doing so” Danton believed that this was needed to show that the revolution was strong and shouldn’t be challenged, but he later on changes his mind and Robespierre has him sent to the ‘national razor’ (the guillotine). This helped to consolidate their power because it showed that they were serious and that they were willing to kill to keep the new revolution, so the terror was a big success for the revolutionaries.
Khan, in an attempt to make peace, sent envoys, or representatives, to talk with The Shah. The Shah responded by having their chief envoy killed and the beards of the others burned, and he sent them back to Khan. Khan, who protected enemy envoys and ambassadors, no matter what message they brought, retaliated and, in the spring of 1219, sent his armies westward. Khan had 100,000 to 125,000 horsemen along with engineers and doctors, many of which were Turkish allies, for a grand total of 150,000 to 200,000 men. His strategy was to frighten the townspeople into surrendering without battle or casualties.
In 1937 Stalin began the purge of the military, accusing them of spying for Nazi Germany. In the eve of the war, 65% of the upper command was eliminated. In July 1937, the Politburo passed a resolution condemning ‘Anti-Soviet Elements’ which included scientists, artists, writers and musicians. In essence, anyone could be arrested, as the resolution was based on a quota system. Finally, in 1938, Bukharin and Rykov were executed after being
For example, In 1649, Oliver Cromwell made a speech in which he said: “We fought for a world in that the voice of the people is heard; now we have that world.” But, just four years later in 1653, he made a speech wherein he said: “It is high time for me to put an end to your sitting in this place, which you have dishonoured by your contempt of all virtue. You are a factious crew, and enemies to all good government; and like Judas betray your God for a few pieces of money.” This was Cromwell before his decision to march into Parliament with two-hundred soldiers and expel Parliament. He said they had become greedy and had made themselves rich. However, this was