Urbanization, Working Class, Luddites, Manchester, Child Labor
1)Why did Industrialization lead to Urbanization?
Industrialization lead to urbanization mainly because of the job opertunities that attracted people to the city when industry grew. As this was happening more and more transportation jobs opened causing even more Urbanization.
2)In a short paragraph, describe living and working conditions in an Industrial City.
During the laborious life of a sweat shop worker, many shocking events would occur. Long working hours with no breaks were a usual for workers in these factories. A typical work day could even range from 12 to 14 hours even for women and children. The working conditions were disturbing and completely unsanitary, there were rats the size of dogs, cockroaches the size of gerbils, and germs for days. Stated in the book, The Jungle, based on real events, a young boy is left in a factory overnight and is eaten by rats. This horrific event is graphic yet shines light on the harsh reality of life for a factory worker of yesteryear. Workers would often fall ill to the unsanitary working conditions yet would still come to work yet to infect even more workers, practically making the factory a biohazard. Workers lived in poverty dispute their long work hours and many children developed mental or physical defects due to these horrible conditions. Needless to say, the life of these factory works were far from easy.
3)Why do you think women and children were paid less than men for doing the same work during the Industrial Revolution?
Women were paid less because before this industrial revolution jobs for women were basically non existent and by letting women run the machines they knew they could pay them less and hire more of them and get away with it because women were considered inferior to men and knew everyone would just turn a blind eye to it. Same with children, they had "no" rights thus it was simple to take advantage of them also...