2.3 Explain How Theories of Development and Frameworks to Support Development Influence Current Practice. Essay

719 WordsOct 2, 20143 Pages
2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. Theories of development and frameworks to support development are incredibly important to us when working with children. They help us to understand children, how they react to things, situations, their behaviour and the way they learn. Different theories and ways of working with children have come together to provide frameworks for children’s care, such as Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) which is used within all child care settings. This encourages us to work together, help and check the development of babies, children and young people, to keep them healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure a child is ready for school ECT. Some of the theorists and their theories have had a huge influence on current practice. • Ivan Pavlov (behaviourist): - He believed in ‘conditioning’ his research started with dogs that salivated when their food was put down for them. He noted that whilst ringing a bell when the food was put down eventually the dogs still salivating at the sound of the bell even if no food was put down. This is because he conditioned them to do so. Gradually after a while of just the bell ringing the dogs condition to salivate weakened until finally they did not react – called ‘extinction’. This is a useful theory to help us understand the reasoning/behaviour of a child for example, having a phobia of going to the toilet in a new place. Since they have been conditioned into not liking the new place and may refuse to go inside. This is where conditioning is linked to an irrational fear and it is best to try to get them not to link the two and un- condition them. • Jean Piaget (cognitive): - He believed that intelligence is a process that helps an organism adapt to its environment. His ‘cognitive developmental theory’ suggests 4
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