19Th Century France Essay

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The 19th Century was a time of unrest in France. Rulers such as Napoleon, Louis VIII, Charles X, and Louis-Philippe fought for the right to the throne. This was known as the Napoleonic Century that lasted from around 1804-1870. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian War began and Germany took over Paris with force. Napoleon III was exiled and the ongoing conflict turned to chaos. Writers, artists, and musicians continued to stay optimistic, however, and they began to put their opinions into their work. Throughout the entire 19th century, all aspects of the French cultural world were impacted by the instability of these French rulers. (Roberts, 2004, pages 68-78) During the 19th Century, many French authors emerged to write about battles, politics, and a little about their own personal lives. Stendhal was a respected author of the 19th century because of his writings. The Charterhouse of Parma by Stendhal is about Stendhal himself being defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, and about the intrigue in Italy. Red and Black, also by Stendhal, is about a man who wants to be just like Napoleon, and starts to take after him. He begins to succeed in life, but then he fails. Victor Hugo was another important author of the time, although he focused more on personal issues in his writings rather than politics. The Hunchback of Notre Dame is a story about a deformed bell ringer named Quasimodo. This was definitely one of his more notable writings. Les Miserables was actually based on Hugo himself. Jean Valjean in the book was an escaped convict, although he was considered a hero. Jean overcomes all odds and prejudices of society, which is why he is just like Victor Hugo himself. These writings were not only affected by the politics of the time period, but the writings affected the politics. (Boorsch, 1996) During this time, several French playwrights

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