19th Century Essay

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NAME : Esraa hussien shebl Transport in the 19th Century In the beginning of the19th century, the main mode of transportation was the horse and carriage. It wasn't until the latter part of the century that railways changed people's lives and habits. But even after the advent of the railway, remote areas still relied on the horse for local transport. Carts, drays, vans and wagons were generally used for carrying goods in England. They could also be used to carry people, but generally people of the lower orders. Carriages carried people in England. Barouches, landaus, victorias, curricles and broughams were all carriages. They varied in body shape and number of horses pulling them. IN the begin-ning of the 19th century, British roads were still poor. They were badly rutted and became practi-cally impassable in wet weather. Around the turn of the century engineers Tho-mas Telford and John McAdam devised methods of building uniform, smooth, roadbeds on which heavy goods could be carried in carts and wagons without destroying the roads. Water transport was rather slow, greater speeds were demanded. The idea of railway emerged as a result of the development of steam locomotivess, but building locomotives and rail systems was so expen-sive that railroads were not widely used in Britain until the 1830′s. The first practical locomotive was constructed in England in 1804 by Richard Trevithick. It had smooth wheels operating on smooth metal rails. At first the railway was looked on mainly as a means of carrying goods, but it was soon discovered that the steam en-gine was capable of far higher speeds than had been imagined and that it could carry passengers more quick-ly and more cheaply than the stage coach. After the successful trials of the Trevithick loco-motive, a number of moderately successful locomo-tives was rather slow, greater speeds were

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