Apush 1979 Dbq

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APUSH 1979 DBQ From 1865 to 1900, the federal government was defiantly contradictory on their laissez faire economic principles. Although the idea was to keep the government out of economic affairs, the nation violated this by supplying land grant to railroads, taking control of interstate commerce, and the involvement of the antitrust activity. By providing land grants for railroads to build on, the government began going against their own policy, which was heavily supported by the people. Document D demonstrates the total United States land grants to railroads. There was a total of 131.5 million acres supplied by the federal government in the form of land grants. J.K. Luttrell, a democratic congressman from California gave a speech in the House of Representatives mentioning how after the civil war, “designing speculators gained control of the Congress of the United States”. He added that the result of this was giving away millions of acres of land to railroads. Luttrell felt the…show more content…
He states “It has become apparent that the recognized laws of trade operate but imperfectly at best in regulating the use made of these modern thoroughfares by those who thus both own and monopolize them.” (Document I) As the monopolies grew, more government intervention needed to be put into play. Because of the huge influence trusts had on congress, regulation would be very difficult to address, as demonstrated in Joseph Keppler’s cartoon “Bosses of the Senate” in document M. The Sherman Antitrust Act was created to break through these strong trusts in 1890. In document Q, government data was collected in from mergers in manufacturing and mining from 1895 to 1900. There were almost 2,000 mergers of business with only 18 prosecutions under the Sherman Antitrust Act, clearly illustrating the failed
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