1. Popular Culture
Popular culture in Britain at the beginning of the 1960s can be summarised by a quote: 'In the 1950s, daughters tried to look like their mothers. In the 1960s, mothers tried to look like their daughters.' in the 1960’s Britain went through many changes. It was a decade when fashions changed continuously and teenagers seemed to have more freedom than ever before. In 1960, most of the teenagers were more prosperous than ever before, outlined by Harold Macmillan in 1957, 'You've never had it so good.' This new-found wealth was spent on the evolving popular culture, including fashion, music merchandise and entertainment amongst others, especially the new teenagers, sometimes referred to 'baby boomers.' The reason for a surge in ascendancy of the teenagers was that many couples put off having children during the war. Therefore, the birth rate increased dramatically in the years 1945 to 1947. By the beginning of the 1960s, all of these were teenagers.
The speed of change in Britain was quicker in the United States, where Elvis Presley (nicknamed "The King of Rock 'n' Roll" because of his immense popularity), and James Dean (an actor and cultural icon) influenced the UK. This was because these new 'heroes' seemed to challenge social views. Presley horrified the older generation by his performances on stage, which were thought by some to be sexually orientated. James Dean, on the other hand, summed up the feelings of many young Americans in his film 'Rebel without a Cause,' where he argues with his parents, which was a symbol of rebelling against the establishment's values. The new concept of commercialisation of Presley and Dean led to British products such as the Beatles being 'sold' on their image, which was predominately clean-cut at the start of the 1960s.
Mary Quant set a precedent with the introduction of the miniskirt in 1955, later modelled by iconic figures such as Twiggy, who wore simple, youthful and often revealing clothes. Again,...