18th century europe Essay

765 WordsJun 12, 20094 Pages
Charles Elliott History Final Exam Part III Question 10 The growth and change in the 18th century was immense. Economic sustainability was seen at its greatest in ages. Before the revolution in Europe many people describe the life and culture of Europe as the “Old Regime.” Kagan tells us that, “it meant the rule of theoretically absolute monarchies with growing bureaucracies and aristocratically led armies. Economically, a scarcity of food, the predominance of agriculture, slow transport, a low level of iron production, comparatively unsophisticated financial institutions and in some case, competitive commercial over seas empires characterized the Old Regime.” (481) This slowly started to change in the 18th century and new thoughts and ideas lead to drastic solutions. Many agricultural insights were gained and readily used in the 18th century, which lead to greater consumption and aggregate demand. This new technology allowed for greater output and helped spur and increase in population. The potato from the New World also allowed peasants to feed them selves nearly year round. These agricultural improvements were mainly implemented because Lords realized that grain was very profitable. This expansion of population also lead too changes in family life. Kagan tells us that, the late seventeenth and the early eighteenth centuries saw a new interest in preserving the lives of abandoned children. Although foundling hospitals established to care for abandoned children had existed before, their size and number expanded during these years.” (493) The upper class in specific began to realize the relationship between education and children mostly because of their need for skilled workers and thinkers. One of the biggest economic aspects of the 18th century was the Industrial revolution. Unlike before the mid 18th century economic growth was not short lived.

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