The murder of Stephen Lawrence and The Macpherson Report For the particular piece of coursework I have chosen to study the murder of Stephen Lawrence and The Macpherson Report within race and racism. This is because I think that this topic is a major factor within racism. The Stephen Lawrence murder has had such a significant change on the police force and also how we look at racism. Racism has become a massive factor in British society and is more dominant in the news than it used to be. The media has played a prominent part in the portrayal of racism, especially in the Stephen Lawrence case.
Due to this problem, Scarman Report suggested to reform ‘recruitment and training’ because of racism in young police officers. Bowling and phillips (2002: 128-9) mentioned that in the 1970s and 1980s police officers widely practiced using ‘oppressive policing techniques’ in the ethnic minority’s communities, such as ‘ mass stop and search operation, the use of riot squads using semi-military equipment, excessive surveillance, unnecessary armed raid, and police use of racially abusive language.’ For example, Willis (1983) mentioned that black males, adult and young, double to be stopped rather than white. Not only for black people, but also West Indians tripled and Asian five times higher on foot. Smith (1983) also mentioned that, many West Indians have experienced to be stopped ‘for almost any reason and very often for no reason
During the Eighteenth century English justice used a wide variety of measures to punish crime, including fines, the pillory and whipping. Transportation to America was often offered, until 1776, as an alternative to the death penalty, which could be imposed for many offenses including pilfering. When they ran out of prisons in 1776 they used old sailing vessels which came to be called hulks as places of temporary confinement. Jails contained both felons and debtors - the latter were allowed to bring in wives and children. The jailer made his money by charging the inmates for food and drink and legal services and the whole system was corrupt.
In Nash’s article, many Aristocrats feared the impact the riots would have on other groups such as those that are slaved. In primary source 8 in the book of Hollitz, it is fair to believe that it was a contradiction of workers wanting “freedom” from the British when slavery was still active. Notice in the Nash’s earlier writing that the freedom of slaves was one of the “fears” that was brought up due to the actions of arising mobs. Even then it was known between many others that this upheaval was a walking
The concept of criminal investigation can be traced back thousands of years, to early times in china and other part of Asia, as well as the Middle East, where agents of government used a great many legal, as well as illegal approaches (most notably torture) as a means of identifying transgressor of public order. In England, the so-called “thief catchers” were frequently drawn from elements of the underworld. The rank and file of the recruits constituted a distinct breed, but two clear-cut differences in motivation set some apart from others. Hireling, with mercenary motives, would play both sides of the street; social climbers would in criminate their confederates in order to move into respectable society. Identify and explain the two major branches of forensic science.
A significant percentage of company flotations were fraudulent during the nineteenth century. Although the behaviour of the corrupt businessman provoked outrage and, when caught and convicted, a hefty prison sentence, he was usually described as an exception to the rule, a 'black sheep' or a 'rotten apple' in contemporary parlance. He was not conceived as a member of those who, particularly in the 1860s, the Victorians labelled as 'the criminal class'. | Overall crime had definitely increased during the industrial revolution as there were much more different items you could thieve so this was a big temptation for people to steal. Also the increase in robbery.
In some states, the individual must be convicted of two serious felonies for the three strikes law to apply, while in others any felonies count towards the third strike. Critics of the three strike law express many strong arguments against their harsh legal statute. Our society has ultimately had an issue with the three strikes law. Some people have said that the law “destroys the flexibility of the courts and the judge, it is unjust in certain conditions, and it adds more criminals to an already crowded and expensive criminal system”
Young people started to get involved in street gangs by working as street soldiers in drug distribution networks, arming themselves, and began to kill each other at a high rate. Fortunately, this event began to slow down in the mid-1990s. Violent crimes have been implicated with alcohol abuse in a substantial proportion of violent crimes. Although not given the concentrated public attention that abuse of illegal drugs has received, it continues to threaten public
Hate Crimes Hate crime, are directed against different types of people that poses a challenge toward the public enemy, organizations, groups. Such hate crimes are anything from arson, harassment, personal assaults to killings. American society views hate crimes as being bias such as the killings of African Americans. The first recorded hate crime came back in 1922 and still goes on as of today. The hate crime can be brutal such as lynchings.
Are official statistics a reliable source of information about crime in Britain? Official criminal statistics are defined as “Statistical data compiled by the police and the courts and routinely published by governments as indices of the extent of crime” (Munchie, 2001, p194). “The working class, the young males, and members of some ethnic minorities are all more likely to commit crimes than the middle class, the elderly, females and whites – according to official statistics”. (Haralambos and Holborn, 2004, p338). In assessing the question “Are official statistics a reliable source of information about crime in Britain?” several factors will be considered: including how the statistics are collected, the divide between males and females in crime statistics, the over representation of ethnic minorities and any problems in looking at the true extent of crime using statistics as an indicator for this.