1850-1910 Case Study

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What attempts were made to improve workers housing in the period 1850-1910? What particular features were considered important to raise living standards? Dreadful living conditions in the early 19th century showed that the life expectancy of the working people was extremely low even though there was growing wealth within trade and commerce. Very poor living and working conditions, a long working day, poor sanitation and little health provisions all contributed to this. With over 35,000 children some as young as 6 years of age sent to work in the cotton mills of which there was over 560. Infant mortality rates were high. The child’s main duties were to crawl underneath the machinery whilst operational to collect the loose cotton.…show more content…
The Cadburys brothers’ factory was moved from central Birmingham to a Greenfield site close to Bournbrook Hall. Even though the move was a mere four miles from the original factory the area was considered to be healthier and cleaner. Although the area was seemingly rural railway and canals were already providing service. Bourneville was the name chosen for the development named after the Bourn Brook – the “Ville” being French for town. Good living conditions along with relatively high wages were two of the ways in which the workers were repaid for there loyalty. Pension schemes were introduced as were full medical services and joint works committees. The health of the workforce was of paramount importance to the Cadbury brothers. Outdoor sports, swimming and walking were all encouraged. 120 acres of land was purchased by George Cadbury in which a model village was to be built. The houses were designed by local architect William Alexander Harvey. The houses were traditional in design but included a large garden and modern
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