********* AP US History 11-10-11 1820-1860 DBQ From the years 1820 to 1860 americans sought to resolve their political disputes through compromise, but by the 60's this was no longer effective. What are the reasons for this change??? The United States was and is a fast growing country. We've all heard about the civil war, and how it changed the states through different freedoms and such. But what was it that set this country overboard?
Lesson 2 Journal Entry Objective 1 1. I would guess the main causes of the Civil War would be the issue of slavery and the opposing views of each section of the United States. Since Northerners were beginning to oppose slavery, the South saw that as a threat to their economy. While the North embraced change, the South wanted to continue the static lifestyle. These causes ultimately led to the Civil War, which was a turning point in American history because of its radical results.
It was all a plot to dehumanise us, to allow our oppressors to rationalise their actions, and reduced us slaves to animal property- as implied by the term “ chattel slavery. " This made our masters perceive us as inhuman property, and made us perceive ourselves as inhuman property as well. I still wonder, why must the southern states of America’s economy revolve around agriculture and slavery? Even after the industrial revolutions impact on the Northern states, why must the Southern state appear oblivious to the urbanisation. Was it because Thomas Jefferson heavily idealised agrarian farming, or is it impudence?
American Civil War A Country Divided The political and controversial issue of slavery was a contributing factor and major cause of the division of the country and basis for the American Civil War (1861-1865). Federal laws contained in The Compromise of 1850, including the Fugitive Slave Act, increased existing tensions between the culturally different Northern and Southern states of the Union. The Fugitive Slave Act led to the increase of abolitionists, personal liberty laws, the Underground Railroad and the formation of the antislavery Republican Party. The Fugitive Slave Act also led to the creation of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which caused further division and confrontation between the territories. The election of Republican Abraham Lincoln as President in 1860 caused the secession of the Southern states from the Union, the establishment of the Confederate States of America in 1861 and the ultimate onset of the American Civil War.
New policies such as the Free Soil Appeal angered southerners because it limited the southern power in the federal government and sought to bar slavery in the new western territory. Slavery became very important in the south due to the expansion of farming lands plus an increase in the demand for cotton. This required the need for free labor or slave labor in order for the southerners to be able to afford such vast expansions. When considering all of the factors that caused the civil war Lincoln is only responsible for that cause in the event that he was elected President. There were many other causes that steered the country into a civil war including the fight between slave holding and non-slave states, the dispute between state versus federal rights, and economical and social differences between the two divisions none of which were Lincoln’s fault.
Manifest Destiny and territorial expansion divided the United States more than it united the United States from 1830 to 1860. Manifest Destiny increased the division between the North and the South. A major division among the States were the annexation of Texas to statehood. Since Texas is below the 36° 30 line, it will be admitted as a slave state. Northerners don’t want to annex Texas because it will throw off the balance of Free states and slave states.
“Apostles of Disunion” In Apostles of Disunion, Charles Dew attempted to explain what led to the South’s decision to secede and ultimately cause a civil war. The one reoccurring theme he brings up as the major reason for the South’s secession was their widespread pro slavery attitude held at the time. Dew believed that if slavery had not existed, then the civil war would have never occurred. Throughout his writings he showed this Southern pro slavery attitude and used several examples to support this idea. Two of his best used examples were the the popular propaganda speeches made by slave owners in attempt to gain allegiance against the North and the South’s almost hatred of the Republican Party as a whole.
The south wanted Kansas and Nebraska to become slaveholding states because the south wanted slavery to spread across. The north wanted more states of their kind which were free states, because if they had more free states than slave states, the north would gain more power and be able to overrule the south when voting on important decisions in Congress. Stephen Arnold Douglas, a Democratic Senator of Illinois, strongly believed that the people of the territories should decide for themselves whether they wanted slavery in their state. He sponsored the Kansas Nebraska bill and that the settlers of Kansas and Nebraska would vote on if they would have slavery in their state. This was called the popular sovereignty.
Lee concluded that slavery would help both white and black races grow equally. In the letter Lee also questions the motivations and morals of the founding fathers about what equality really meant to them. The letter seems to be ironic, reason being Robert E. Lee should be the biggest supporter of slavery for the South but seems to be torn on the issue (Fair Use
A Revolution for Black Americans • The wartime situation of African-Americans contradicted the ideals of equality and justice for which Americans were fighting and lived under restrictions with grudging toleration if they were free. • Although the United States was a “white man’s country” in 1776, the war opened some opportunities for African-Americans. • African-Americans served both sides during the war even though the Continental Army had forbid the enlistment by blacks in 1775, the black-listing started to collapse in 1777. • Until the mid-18th century, slavery was not a question for Europeans and white Americans just as they saw how disease and sin was part of the natural order. However, the debate about the validity of slavery grew swelled in the decade before the Revolution as resistance leaders increasingly compared the colonies’ relationship with Britain to that between slaves and a master.