Government, Population, and origin of the 13 colonies
America has always been a land of diversity. This dates back to the first English settlements of North America. In the beginning, the colonies were divided up into three sections, the northern colonies, middle colonies, and southern colonies. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island made up the northern colonies. New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania made up the middle colonies. Lastly Virginia, Maryland, Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia composed the southern colonies. The colonial areas had both similarities and differences when it came to their governments, population, and origin.
The New England colonies differenced themselves in only a few ways from the other colonies. The government in the New England colonies was hard for their people. It was difficult for citizens because everyone had to attend church or else they would get banished from the town and the church. That would be an extremely bad thing because they would have to find somewhere else to live. The New England colonists included more educated people as well as many skilled farmers, tradesmen and craftsmen. They settled in small villages for common religious activities. Shipbuilding, trading posts, and fishing were important in coastal towns in this region. When the Puritans landed they created a deeply religious and politically innovative culture that still influences the modern United States. They fled England to America in attempted to create a "nation of saints”. They hoped this new land would serve as a "redeemer nation".
The middle colony government had a few similarities with the northern colonies. The type of government established in the middle colonies was a county-town system. The colonies were originally proprietary, but before then were royal provinces. The local government was in the hands of the citizens. In New York the township originally possessed nearly all powers. In Pennsylvania, there...