13 Colonies Essay

406 WordsMay 5, 20112 Pages
Thirteen Colonies The New England Colonies of British America included Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and Province of New Hampshire. The prime motive for the founding of the New England colonies was religious freedom. The major religions of the colonies consisted of Christianity, Catholicism, and Puritanism. They did not allow religious freedom to everyone. Those who did not conform were not welcome. Farming in the New England Colonies was rough. The soil wasn't good for growing crops, especially near the ocean. Also, the long winters killed many crops quickly. Still, New England farmers often grew enough food to feed their families and maybe even help feed other families. New England flourished instead with fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering, and fur trading along with trading goods with Europe. New England colonies were very active in the slave trade. In New England, small towns were the centers of local government. The Middle Colonies consisted of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically diverse colonies with settlers coming from all parts of Europe. The colonies saw an influx of immigrants in the 18th century. The middle colonies mostly consisted of Quakers. The various religions were protected in the Middle Colonies by written freedom of religion laws. This tolerance was new to British colonies. The Middle Colonies have a milder climate than the other colonies. Their main crops were rice, wheat and vegetables. It was the called the "Bread Basket." It has good soil so the crops grow faster. The Middle Colonies were generally run by Royal or Proprietary Governors and elected Colonial Assemblies. The Southern colonies consisted of Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland. The people of the south lived on large farms, or plantations.

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