10 Major Religions Essay

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10 Major Religions 1. Christianity: Christianity is an Abrahamic, Monotheistic religion based on the life and the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christianity is the world’s largest religion, with about 2.4 billion members. Christianity began in the mid-1st century. Originating in the Middle East, it quickly spread to Europe, Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor and Egypt. Christianity is related to western civilization. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God, fully divine and fully human, and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament.
 2. Islam: Also a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Qur’an (a religious text considered by its followers to be the word of God). A member of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslim’s believe that God is one and incomparable and that the purpose of existence is to worship God. Islam had a tremendous impact on world history as well as the present-day, mostly because of the religion's magnitude. The religion has billions of members, about 1/6 of the world's population. It is also because of the Holy Wars or Crusades in which the Christians attempted to take the Holy Land back from the Muslims.
 3. Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most especially India. It includes Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktis and a wide spectrum of laws and prescriptions of "daily morality" based on karma, dharma, and societal norms. Hinduism is a religion of distinct intellectual or philosophical points of view. Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area.
 4. Buddhism: encompasses a variety of traditions,beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, (the Buddha) According to Buddhist tradition, the

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