(1) the Reason Model Has Provided a Means of Understanding How Aircraft Accidents Happen. Explain What Other Contributions This Model Has Made to the Aviation Community and What Are the Advantages / Disadvantages of the

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(1) The Reason Model has provided a means of understanding how aircraft accidents happen. Explain what other contributions this model has made to the aviation community and what are the advantages / disadvantages of the Reason Model as compared to other models used in aviation. Introduction Aviation is an industry that continues to grow at a phenomenal rate. The amount of new budget carries appearing on the scene are making it more affordable for the average person to fly and the facts on aviation safety are making it more appealing for people to choose this way to travel. According to IATA in 2012 more than 2.97 billion people travelled by air with a mere 414 people being involved in accident in which they lost their lives. This equates to 29.6 million flights and 15 of those being involved in an accident where there were fatalities (International Air Transport Association 2013). While these odds sound pretty good it is not acceptable to become complacent around safety, even one crash is one too many in the eyes of the industry. Models such as the Reason model or ‘Swiss Cheese model’ have been adopted to investigate incidents and accidents to ensure the correct gaps are filled and the right corrective actions are put in place to prevent re occurrence. This commitment to safety has provided a very safe way to travel, yet some people seem nervous to travel by air. Dr.Arnold Barnett, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology carried out a study over 19 years 1975-1994 and found that you had a 1 in 7 million chance of losing your life in a fatal commercial flight. Going by those odds if you flew everyday of your life you would be 19 thousand years old before losing your life in a crash. (anxieties.com 2011). Almost all companies now have a major focus on Continuous improvement; this is around productivity, cost savings, cost reductions, quality and

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